Political Science(GS) Judicial System-Supreme Court Revision (Page 1 of 2)

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About Supreme Court of India

The position of the highest judicial body of India was given to the Supreme Court of India and to its land as per Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India.

The major functions and role of this court is that of a federal court, guardian of the Constitution and the highe

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Composition of Supreme Court of India

The original Constitution of India (1950) made a provision to have a Chief Justice and 7 lower-ranking Judges in the Supreme Court. The Parliament was given to power to increase this number.

As the Court began to function and more and more cases came up and started getting ac

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Jurisdiction of Supreme Court of India

The Supreme Court has original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction.

1. Original Jurisdiction

The court has exclusive original jurisdiction when any dispute arises between the Government of India and one or more States or the dispute arises between the Government of India an

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List of Chief Justices of India

List of Chief Justices of India

Chief Justices and their term

S. R. No.

Chief Justice’s Name

Term

1

Harilal J Kania

26 January, 1950 - 6 November, 1951

2

M Patanjali Sastri

7 November, 1951 - 3 January, 1954

3

Mehar Chand Mahajan

4 January, 1954 - 22 December, 1954

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Transfer Petitions in Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is empowered to transfer case of one state to High Court of another state as well as case of one district court to another district court of other state.

There has to be an appropriate reason for this transfer. Either it may be the loopholes in jurisdiction

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