Political Science(GS) Constitution of India-Acts of Constitution Revision (Page 2 of 3)

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Government of India Act, 1858

This act totally abolished East India Company and transferred all the power and rights to the British Crown.

This act proposed not to have a dual government and totally subsided it away.

According to this act, the total power of administration in India vested in Secretary o

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Indian Councils Act, 1861

This act proposed that some non official members could be included in Viceroy’s Executive Council by nomination.

The Viceroy was given power to issue ordinances.

This act lead to increase in powers of Viceroy as now he could make rules and orders if he felt that any could h

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Indian Councils Act, 1892

This act gave Legislative Council the functions to make Budget and power to discuss it.

This act proposed to have an increase the non-official members in the Central and Provincial Legislative Councils.

Indian Councils Act, 1909 or Morley-Minto Reform

This act brought in the first step of the ‘Divide and Rule’ strategy as it gave chance to Muslims to represent themselves in the Council comunally. (Lord Minto came to be known as the father of communal electorate).

The Indians were allowed to relate with the Viceroy and Gov

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Government of India Act, 1919 or Montague- Chelmsford Reforms

This system brought about a major change as it initiated ‘Dyarchy’ system at provincial level as they divided the provincial subjects into two parts - transferred and reserved.

The provinces were given rest from functions of central control.

This act gave a chance to Sikhs,

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