NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Yoga (Paper-II): Questions 131 - 137 of 304

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Image of Pranayama

Image of Pranayama

Pranayama is the fourth step of Ashtanga Yoga. The word ‘Pranayama’ consists of two components, prana and ayama. “Prana” means energy, the self-energizing force of life and consciousness. It is the creator of all beings in the universe. ‘Ayama’ means stretch, expansion and regulation. When the self-energizing force embraces the body with expansion and regulation, it is called as pranayama. It is the regulation of incoming and outgoing flow of breath with retention, in a rhythmic pattern. It should be practised after attaining perfection in asana.

Out of total four types of Pranayama, first three types are regulated inhalation (abhyantaravritti), regulated exhalation (bahyavritti) and retention (stambhavritti). These components of pranayama are to be performed and prolonged according to the capacity of individuals.

These three types are sabeeja pranayama, as attention is on the breath itself during their practice. The fourth pranayama goes beyond the regulation of breathflow and retention.

It transcends the range of movements, appears effortless and non-deliberate, thus called as nirbeeja pranayama. Pranayama removes the coverings over light of knowledge and allows the inner light of wisdom to shine.

By the practice of Pranayama, mind also becomes fit for concentration (dharana). Pranayama, an important component of bahiranga yoga, is not only a method to steady the mind, but it is also the gateway to dharana. The step of yoga next to pranayama is pratyahara.

Question number: 131 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Patanjala Yoga Sutra » Sadhana Pada » Pranayama

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

The word “Ayama” means: (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Regulation

b.

Dimension

c.

Variety

d.

Measurement

Question number: 132 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Patanjala Yoga Sutra » Sadhana Pada » Pranayama

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

The fourth type of Pranayama is called: (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Bahyavritti

b.

Nirbeeja

c.

Sabeeja

d.

Abhyantarvritti

Question number: 133 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Patanjala Yoga Sutra » Sadhana Pada » Pranayama

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

The fourth step of Ashtanga yoga is: (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Pratyahara

b.

Asana

c.

Dharana

d.

Pranayama

Question number: 134 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Patanjala Yoga Sutra » Sadhana Pada » Pranayama

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Pranayama is the gateway to: (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Dharana

b.

Asana

c.

Yama and Niyama

d.

Bahiranga Yoga

Question number: 135

» Hatha Yoga Texts » Bandha, Mudra and Other Practices » In Hatha Pradeepika

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

“Vyoma Chakra” is the synonym of: (November Paper III)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Gyana Mudra

b.

Mula Bandha

c.

Vipritakarni

d.

Khechari Mudra

Question number: 136

» Patanjala Yoga Sutra » Sadhana Pada » Brief Introduction to Ashtanga Yoga

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

“Sarvaratnopasthanam” is the result of: (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Aparigraha

b.

Satya

c.

Asteya

d.

Pratyahara

Question number: 137

» Hatha Yoga Texts » Asanas in Hatha Texts » Asanas in Hatha Pradeepika

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is not mentioned as benefit of Pashchimottān-asana according to Hatha Pradeepika? (Jan Paper 3)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Reduces fat on belly

b.

Prana enters in Sushumna

c.

Reduces Hyper Acidity

d.

Increases gastric fire

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