NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Tourism Administration (Paper-II): Questions 495 - 498 of 762

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Passage

Located in the heart of continent and surrounded by vast areas of low quality of grazing land and deserts, Alice Springs with a population of 25,000 has emerged as a major centre for desert tourism with less than 300 mm rainfall annually and average summer day time temperature of up to 38oC and in winter the night temperature may fall to – 5oC.

Established in 1871 on the site for a telegraph relay station that linked Australia with Europe, the desert tour was known for camel trains for surrounding mining and pastoral industries with the opening of a railway line from South Australia in 1929. The bombing of Darwin to the north in 1942 by Japanese imperial forces resulted in shifting the location to Alice Springs. The north-south highway opened access to Alice Springs.

The buildings, artefacts and storage of the diverse groups of settlers like Arrernte Aboriginal German Missionaries, Afghan camel drivers, pastoralist, and miners constitute the cultural and built heritage of the town.

Self-drive tourists are less motivated to drive to Alice Springs for its long distance from Australian cities and few quality attractions en-route to the desert town. In 1984 the establishment of a resort and opening of jet airport at Uluru resulted in the increase of tourist footfall of the destination.

Connectivity and infrastructure, like airport, have been improved due to the establishment of an Australian-US joint Defense Satellite monitoring base as Pine Gap, 19 km south Alice Springs, although developments of Uluru deprived Alice Springs of a major attraction, preservation of heritage sites and development of built attractions could attract approx. 4,62, 000 tourists in 2005 with contribution of Aus $ 250 million to the local economy. All attractions in Alice Springs comprise built heritage, indigenous culture and heritage, desert landscapes, desert flora and fauna and a casino would lengthen an average stay of 4 days. Uluru as a competing or alternative destination could not dominate Alice Springs with the growing number of tourist arrivals the desert town could witness major makeover of old buildings and developments of Desert Park Environment Centre for featuring flora and fauna, building of a Casino and convention centre.

Over the years Alice Springs, has occupied an important peripheral position for self-drive tourists. Very interestingly Alice Springs is not competing with other destination including Uluru and Kata Tuta (the Olgas) in Australia base flying distance and price since flying time is 3 hours from Sydney. The development of a range of attractions and easy access by air has reduced the impact of peripherality for a significant of tourists. Based on the total number of visitors and the revenue they generate, Alice Springs can be considered as a successful peripheral tourism attraction, for active participation of the community, resource allocation for developing attraction through investment and wide range of tourism attractions to attract their attention for an average stay of 4 days in comparison to Uluru as an internationally unique attraction as a lower length of stay because of the narrowness of its attraction base.

Question 495 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion(Ꭺ)

Drive tourists constitute the majority of Australian domestic tourists and Alice Springs does occupy a peripheral position. (June)

Reason(Ꭱ)

The distance of Alice Springs from Australia՚s major-population centre has always been a major disincentive for many self-drive tourists and the range and quality of attractions during the drive is too small to encourage large-scale drive tourism.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

b.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

c.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

d.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

Question 496 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

Who among the following were NOT early settlers in Alice Springs? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

German Missionaries

b.

Pastoralists

c.

Mongolia camel drivers

d.

Miners

Question 497

Question

MCQ▾

What is the important element of tourism?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Town

b.

City

c.

Space

d.

Amenities

Question 498

Question

MCQ▾

Marketing of tour packages includes

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Ticketing

b.

Insurance

c.

Product Sale

d.

All a., b. and c. are correct

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