NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Sociology (Paper-II): Questions 537 - 540 of 632

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Passage

Comprehension:

Read the following passage carefully:

In the field of human sciences, interdisciplinary research can result from two separate but interrelated needs. First is the ‘need for information’ and more data, and the second is the need for more common structures or for analytical integration. At the first level, an interdisciplinary collaboration poses little or no problems. It involves exchange of information among related disciplines in the belief that such exchange enriches a discipline՚s understanding of the phenomena under study. A discipline՚s boundaries and autonomy in explanatory terms are not eroded by interdisciplinary contacts at the level of information or data. It may sometimes lead to adoption of common methods by related disciplines, which in turn, may pave the way for a possible integration at the level of analysis or perspectives or interpretative scheme. The fulfillment of this second need for common structures, or what we have termed as analytical integration, is beset with several difficulties. Unlike in the natural sciences, in the social sciences there is no linear order of sciences ranged between ‘decreasing generality’ and ‘increasing complexity.’ On the contrary, in some of the social sciences, there is a marked tendency to reduce explanations of diverse social phenomena to a single perspective peculiar to that science. Sociologists are often accused of reducing everything to sociology and their reductionism is often pejoratively dubbed as ‘sociological imperialism’ similar tendencies are noticeable, with differences in degree, among some economists, political scientists, Linguists, psychologists, and so on.

Answer the following questions based on the facts/information described in the above passage:

Question 537 (2 of 6 Based on Passage)

Reading Social Science Research (New 2019)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

Interdisciplinary collaboration sometimes involves:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Adoption of different methods by discipline

b.

Adoption of cross-method by one discipline

c.

Adoption of common method by related disciplines

d.

Adoption of single method by diverse disciplines

Question 538 (3 of 6 Based on Passage)

Reading Social Science Research (New 2019)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

Interdisciplinary research in human sciences results from

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Two separate but inter-related needs

b.

Diverse and intra related needs

c.

Multiple and conflicting needs

d.

Similar and diverse needs

Question 539 (4 of 6 Based on Passage)

Reading Social Science Research (New 2019)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

What is the common tendency among some social sciences?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

To expand explanation of diverse phenomena to multiple perspectives

b.

To reduce explanations of diverse phenomena to one perspective

c.

To expand explanation of one phenomenon to multiple perspectives

d.

All of the above

Question 540 (5 of 6 Based on Passage)

Reading Social Science Research (New 2019)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

According to R. K. Merton, which of the following constitute the ‘ethos of science’ ?

A. Organized sceptism

B. Interestedness

C. Universalism

D. Communalism

E. Cognitivism

Choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

C, D, E

b.

A, B, C

c.

E, C, A

d.

A, C, D

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