# Statistics & Research Methods-Inferential Statistics [NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II)]: Questions 1 - 5 of 74

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## Question 1

Inferential Statistics

### Question

MCQ▾

An extraneous factor that inhibits the researcher՚s ability to infer cause and effect relationships is known as the ________ variable.

### Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

dependent

b.

correlational

c.

confounding

d.

independent

## Question 2

Inferential Statistics

### Question

MCQ▾

A random sample can best be explained as:

### Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

A selection of cases from the control group

b.

A selection of cases from a larger population

c.

A sample in which each potential participant has an equal chance of being selected

d.

A sample of a larger population from the experimental group

## Question 3

Inferential Statistics

### Question

MCQ▾

Conducting an in-depth interview of a single person with a rare illness is an example of

### Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

an experiment.

b.

a case study.

c.

a correlational design.

d.

a field study.

## Question 4

Inferential Statistics

### Question

MCQ▾

The extent to which the results of a research study can be generalized to other people, animals, or settings is known as:

### Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

variability

b.

external validity

c.

reliability

d.

internal validity

## Question 5

Inferential Statistics

### Question

MCQ▾

A psychologist watches the rapid eye movements of sleeping subjects and wakes them to find they report that they were dreaming. She concludes that dreams are linked to rapid eye movements. This conclusion is based on

### Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

direct observation.

b.

deduction from direct observation.

c.

prior prediction.

d.

naturalistic observation.

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