Research Aptitude-Variables (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 6 - 9 of 14

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Passage

Instructions: Read the following paragraph and answer the five questions that follow: (December)

The research process usually begins with the identification and formulation of research problem. Once the problem is identified, the appropriate hypotheses are developed. The hypotheses are tentative solutions to the problem and represent the conjectural statements of relationship among two or more variables. The hypotheses could be classified in various ways, such as directional vs. non-directional, correlational vs. causal etc. Edwards classified the variables in psychological research as stimulus variables, organismic variables and behavioral variables. The variables are classified as the continuous variables and discrete variables, the latter having two subtypes - the real discrete variables and artificially discrete variables. The variables in research need to be properly operationalized. Robinson classified the psychological studies in four categories - Laboratory experiments, Field experiments; Ex post facto field studies and Ex post facto analysis of experiment (slightly modified). The fourth category, on its own, is accorded less respect but is essential for the advancement of science.

Question number: 6 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Variables

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following hypothesis/hypotheses are non-directional hypotheses?

1. Males and females differ on anxiety

2. Intelligence and academic achievement are negatively related.

3. Anxiety disrupts academic performance of the students

4. Stress and work output are related.

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

2 only

b.

1 and 3 only

c.

3 and 4 only

d.

1 and 4 only.

Question number: 7 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Variables

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Arrange the following three types of investigation in ascending order in terms of the researcher’s ability (usually) to control secondary variance.

1. Laboratory experiments

2. Field experiments

3. Ex post facto field studies

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

3, 1, 2

b.

2, 3, 1

c.

2, 1, 3

d.

1, 2, 3

Question number: 8

» Research Aptitude » Variables

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is/are example/s of continuous organismic variable?

1. Gender

2. Heart beats per minute

3. Trials required learning a list of CVC trigrams

4. Intelligence

(June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

1 only

b.

4 only

c.

2 & 4 only

d.

2, 3 & 4 only

Question number: 9

» Research Aptitude » Variables

MCQ▾

Question

________ variable in an experiment might be the response of a person to stimulus, a change in behavior after the administration of a drug, changes in managerial behavior after a new training program has been instituted, a score in a test, a verbal report about an event in the environment.

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Dependent

b.

Independent

c.

Discrete

d.

Control

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