Research Aptitude-Types of Psychological Research (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 1 - 2 of 2

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Question number: 1

» Research Aptitude » Types of Psychological Research

Appeared in Year: 2013

MCQ▾

Question

Given below are the three types of psychological interventions: (1) Field experiment (2) Laboratory experiments, and (3) Ex post facto field studies. If the above investigations are arranged in descending order in terms of researcher’s ability to control secondary variance, the typical order would be:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

3, 2, 1

b.

2, 1, 3

c.

2, 3, 1

d.

3, 1, 2

Passage

Psychology, as a scientific study of behavior, employs several diverse research methods to collect and analyse data. In the early phase of modern psychology, experimental method has been highly popular. The early psychologists, like Fechner and Ebbinghaus, were well - known experimentalists. Experimental method allows the active manipulation of the independent variable (IV) Ronald Fisher and other systematized the area of experimental designs. Due to the success of controlled laboratory experiments, field setting were also carried out where the IV is manipulated in natural or field settings. Especially due to the need for policy and program evaluation research, Quasi - experimental designs have also been developed. Various non- experimental methods including survey and questionnaire research, are also employed in psychology. The survey method employs interviews, both structured and unstructured, and questionnaires. Both open - end and close - end questions and scale items can be used in interview schedules and questionnaires. Different types of observations, including naturalistic observation, participant and non - participant observation, are also used in certain areas like ethology. In the qualitative research tradition, case studies are widely used. Special research approaches, for example, ethnographic research have been developed for cross-cultural psychology. In addition, psychologists use various measurement techniques including standardized objective tests, projective methods, situational tests and even physiological measures. The use of such diverse methods and measurement techniques has enriched the science of psychology as well as our understanding of human and animal behavior including the cognitive processes.

Question number: 2 (1 of 1 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Types of Psychological Research

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which one of the following is a limitation of case study?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

It uses diverse methods and sources to collect data about the subject

b.

It is useful only in clinical and counselling psychology

c.

It is difficult to generalize from case study

d.

It does not provide indepth information of subject

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