Research Aptitude-Experimental Design (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 1 - 4 of 11

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Question number: 1

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

After the general election in a country, a social psychologist interviewed 200 voters to study their attitudes towards the winning party. This is an example of

(June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Ex post-facto research

b.

Attitude change experiment

c.

Field experiment

d.

Correlational study

Question number: 2

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2014

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion (Ꭺ)

Non-equivalent control groups are often encountered in quasi-experimental studies, as compared to experimental studies.

Reason (Ꭱ)

In quasi-experimental studies, as compared to experimental studies, secondary variance is less efficiently controlled.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

b.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

c.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

d.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

Question number: 3

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2013

MCQ▾

Question

After the recent heavy catastrophic floods in a given state, a psychologist interviewed 120 participants to understand the psychological consequences of the event. This is an example of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Controlled experiment

b.

Field experiment

c.

Psychometric research

d.

Ex post facto field research

Passage

Psychology, as a scientific study of behavior, employs several diverse research methods to collect and analyse data. In the early phase of modern psychology, experimental method has been highly popular. The early psychologists, like Fechner and Ebbinghaus, were well - known experimentalists. Experimental method allows the active manipulation of the independent variable (IV) Ronald Fisher and other systematized the area of experimental designs. Due to the success of controlled laboratory experiments, field setting were also carried out where the IV is manipulated in natural or field settings. Especially due to the need for policy and program evaluation research, Quasi - experimental designs have also been developed. Various non- experimental methods including survey and questionnaire research, are also employed in psychology. The survey method employs interviews, both structured and unstructured, and questionnaires. Both open - end and close - end questions and scale items can be used in interview schedules and questionnaires. Different types of observations, including naturalistic observation, participant and non - participant observation, are also used in certain areas like ethology. In the qualitative research tradition, case studies are widely used. Special research approaches, for example, ethnographic research have been developed for cross-cultural psychology. In addition, psychologists use various measurement techniques including standardized objective tests, projective methods, situational tests and even physiological measures. The use of such diverse methods and measurement techniques has enriched the science of psychology as well as our understanding of human and animal behavior including the cognitive processes.

Question number: 4 (1 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following are considered as quasi - experimental designs? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Time series designs

b.

Non - equivalent control group design

c.

Regression - discontinuity design

d.

All c. , b. and a. are correct

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