Research Aptitude (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 132 - 136 of 155

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Passage

Psychology, as a scientific study of behavior, employs several diverse research methods to collect and analyse data. In the early phase of modern psychology, experimental method has been highly popular. The early psychologists, like Fechner and Ebbinghaus, were well - known experimentalists. Experimental method allows the active manipulation of the independent variable (IV) Ronald Fisher and other systematized the area of experimental designs. Due to the success of controlled laboratory experiments, field setting were also carried out where the IV is manipulated in natural or field settings. Especially due to the need for policy and program evaluation research, Quasi - experimental designs have also been developed. Various non- experimental methods including survey and questionnaire research, are also employed in psychology. The survey method employs interviews, both structured and unstructured, and questionnaires. Both open - end and close - end questions and scale items can be used in interview schedules and questionnaires. Different types of observations, including naturalistic observation, participant and non - participant observation, are also used in certain areas like ethology. In the qualitative research tradition, case studies are widely used. Special research approaches, for example, ethnographic research have been developed for cross-cultural psychology. In addition, psychologists use various measurement techniques including standardized objective tests, projective methods, situational tests and even physiological measures. The use of such diverse methods and measurement techniques has enriched the science of psychology as well as our understanding of human and animal behavior including the cognitive processes.

Question number: 132 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following are considered as quasi - experimental designs? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Time series designs

b.

Non - equivalent control group design

c.

Regression - discontinuity design

d.

All c. , b. and a. are correct

Question number: 133 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

In a survey of students, each student was asked to state his views on the educational system in not more than 60 words. This is an example of: (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Closed - end question

b.

Check - list item

c.

Open - end question

d.

Scale item

Question number: 134 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

The emic - etic distinction is emphasized in: (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

quasi - experimental research

b.

ethnographic research

c.

ethological research

d.

Case studies

Question number: 135 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2015

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion (Ꭺ)

Experimental method, as compared to other methods, is more suitable for studying cause and effect relationship

Reason (Ꭱ)

As compared to other methods, experimental method permits more efficient control of extraneous variance.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

b.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

c.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

d.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

Question number: 136

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Deductive and inductive reasoning refers to: (June)

A. Universal to universal

B. Universal to particular

C. Particular to particular

D. Particular to universal

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

C and D

b.

B and C

c.

B and D

d.

A and B

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