Research Aptitude (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 126 - 131 of 149

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Question number: 126

» Research Aptitude » Scientific Research

MCQ▾

Question

“Science is a method of testing reality through our senses. ” Scientific data must be ________.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Predictable

b.

Measurable

c.

Point-at-able

d.

All a. , b. and c. are correct

Question number: 127

» Research Aptitude » Research Design

MCQ▾

Question

When the same procedures are used in giving a test to all people, the test has been

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

standardized.

b.

operationalized.

c.

validated.

d.

normalized.

Question number: 128

» Research Aptitude » Research Design

MCQ▾

Question

The degree to which a test measures what it is supposed to measure is indicated by the test’s:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

validity

b.

reliability

c.

bias

d.

culture fairness

Question number: 129

» Research Aptitude » Survey Research

MCQ▾

Question

Sometimes, psychologists would like to ask everyone in the world a few well-chosen questions. The answer to questions reveal much about significant psychological events in the lives of large group of people. But since it is impractical to question everyone, psychologists use the ________.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Case study method

b.

Experimental method

c.

Survey method

d.

All of the above

Question number: 130

» Research Aptitude » Variables

MCQ▾

Question

________ is an event or condition which can be measured and which varies quantitatively.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Experimenter

b.

Variable

c.

Subject

d.

Experiment

Passage

Psychology, as a scientific study of behavior, employs several diverse research methods to collect and analyse data. In the early phase of modern psychology, experimental method has been highly popular. The early psychologists, like Fechner and Ebbinghaus, were well - known experimentalists. Experimental method allows the active manipulation of the independent variable (IV) Ronald Fisher and other systematized the area of experimental designs. Due to the success of controlled laboratory experiments, field setting were also carried out where the IV is manipulated in natural or field settings. Especially due to the need for policy and program evaluation research, Quasi - experimental designs have also been developed. Various non- experimental methods including survey and questionnaire research, are also employed in psychology. The survey method employs interviews, both structured and unstructured, and questionnaires. Both open - end and close - end questions and scale items can be used in interview schedules and questionnaires. Different types of observations, including naturalistic observation, participant and non - participant observation, are also used in certain areas like ethology. In the qualitative research tradition, case studies are widely used. Special research approaches, for example, ethnographic research have been developed for cross-cultural psychology. In addition, psychologists use various measurement techniques including standardized objective tests, projective methods, situational tests and even physiological measures. The use of such diverse methods and measurement techniques has enriched the science of psychology as well as our understanding of human and animal behavior including the cognitive processes.

Question number: 131 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Research Aptitude » Experimental Design

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following are considered as quasi - experimental designs? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Time series designs

b.

Non - equivalent control group design

c.

Regression - discontinuity design

d.

All c. , b. and a. are correct

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