Research Aptitude (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 59 - 63 of 149

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Question number: 59

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

A variable, such as the personality of a subject that might affect the outcome of an experiment would be controlled by

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

assuming the effects of the variable are negligible.

b.

random assignment of subjects.

c.

manipulating the dependent variables simultaneously.

d.

repeating the experiment several times until the results are consistent.

Question number: 60

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

The phrase “a theory must also be falsifiable” means

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

theories are a rich array of observations regarding behavior but with few facts to support them.

b.

a theory must not be defined so that it can be disconfirmed.

c.

a theory must be defined so it can be disconfirmed.

d.

nothing.

Question number: 61

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

An educated guess about what is controlling some behavior is called

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

experimental control.

b.

an experimental variable.

c.

a hypothesis.

d.

a theory.

Question number: 62

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

How can causality be demonstrated?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

through correlation

b.

through inferential statistics

c.

through an experiment

d.

through field studies

Question number: 63

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

MCQ▾

Question

A researcher has designed a study to test the effects of different types of individual psychotherapy on people’s levels of depression. She has randomly assigned people to one of three groups: a cognitive-behavioral treatment group, a psychodynamic treatment group, or a no-treatment control group. She then measures people’s level of depression after the treatment. Which of the following statements is true?

Choices

Choice (4) Response
a.

Depression is the dependent variable; cognitive-behavioral is the independent variable.

b.

Depression is the dependent variable; cognitive-behavioral treatment is the independent variable.

c.

Depression is the dependent variable; the treatment group is the independent variable.

d.

The treatment group is the dependent variable; depression is the independent variable.

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