Learning-Operant Conditioning (CBSE-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II)): Questions 20 - 24 of 52

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Question number: 20

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Thorndike’s law of effect neglects the inner drives or motives that make learners pursue the “satisfying state, ” allowing learners to reach their goals. Who agreed with this statement?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Skinner

b.

Kohler

c.

Pavlov

d.

Watson

e.

Tolman

Question number: 21

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Positive reinforcement ________ the rate of responding; Negative reinforcement ________ the rate of responding:

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Decreases; increases

b.

Increases; increases

c.

Decreases; decreases

d.

Increases; decreases

e.

Neutral; decreases

Question number: 22

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

After every third home run by an individual little-league baseball player, the coach rewards the player. What schedule of reinforcement is being used?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

variable interval schedule

b.

fixed interval schedule

c.

continuous schedule

d.

variable ratio schedule

e.

fixed ratio schedule

Question number: 23

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

B. F. Skinner by means of “Skinner Box” experimented successfully for reinforced behaviors, which led up to the desired behavior. What is this procedure is known as?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Shaping

b.

Reinforcement

c.

Secondary reinforcers

d.

Primary reinforcers

e.

Chaining

Question number: 24

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is meant by punishment?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Taking away something unpleasant when the subject performs the correct behavior

b.

The reinforcement of a behavior every time it occurs

c.

Anything that comes to represent a primary reinforcer

d.

Adding something unwanted when the subject is not doing the correct behavior and then stopping it when he or she displays the correct behavior

e.

An attempt to weaken a response by following it with something unpleasant

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