Learning (CBSE-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II)): Questions 27 - 30 of 333

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Question number: 27

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Ben is refusing to complete his homework on time. After learning about Ben’s love of trains, Mrs. Annie promises to reward Ben with a video on trains upon completion of his next two homework assignments. This is an example of:

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Latent learning

b.

The Premack Principle

c.

Generalization

d.

Insight

e.

Positive reinforcement

Question number: 28

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

What is the aim of reinforcement - be it positive and negative?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

To ensure there are no negative consequences following the behavior

b.

To increase the likelihood that the preceding behavior will be repeated

c.

To decrease the likelihood that the preceding behavior will be repeated

d.

To add a primary reinforcer after someone does a proper behavior

e.

To decrease the likelihood that a negative reinforcer will follow a behavior

Question number: 29

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

An operant conditioning procedure that involves the positive reinforcement of successive approximations of an initially improbable behavior to eventually bring about that behavior is known as:

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

shaping

b.

secondary reinforcer

c.

primary reinforcer

d.

punishment

e.

discriminative stimulus

Question number: 30

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following best explains E. L. Thorndike’s law of effect?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

Receiving reinforcement every time a person performs a good deed, continuous reinforcement, will increase the likelihood that the person will continue that behavior.

b.

Behaviors are strengthened by positive consequences and weakened by negative ones.

c.

The stimuli of food, water, and sex are innately satisfying and require no learning.

d.

Behaviors that are negatively reinforced are more likely to discontinue than behaviors that are punished.

e.

Behaviors are reinforced through primary reinforcers.

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