Learning [NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II)]: Questions 1 - 3 of 396

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Question 1

Question

MCQ▾

E. L. Thorndike is known for each of the following EXCEPT

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

the concept of instrumental learning

b.

learning experiment using cats in puzzle boxes

c.

asserting that individuals repeat behaviors that lead to positive consequences

d.

the discovery of state-dependent learning

Question 2

Question

MCQ▾

What is the key distinction between classical conditioning and operant conditioning?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Operant conditioning attempts to pairs an unrelated stimuli and response, whereas classical conditioning underscores the consequences of behavior.

b.

Operant conditioning focuses on rewards, whereas classical conditioning focuses on punishment.

c.

Operant conditioning is used in human therapy, whereas classical conditioning is used only with other animals.

d.

Operant conditioning emphasizes the consequences of behavior, whereas classical conditioning emphasizes the association between stimuli.

Question 3

Question

MCQ▾

Punishment has been found to

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

mask, rather than extinguish, conditioned responses

b.

be most effective in producing retroactive inhibition

c.

be most effective in producing proactive inhibition

d.

produce the extinction of phobias

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