Attitude (CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 75 - 78 of 82

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Question number: 75

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2016

MCQ▾

Question

In which one of the following scaling methods, Law of Comparative judgment is used clearly while computing scale values? (Paper - 3 July)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

JND scales

b.

Paired Comparison

c.

Equal appearing intervals

d.

Summated ratings

Question number: 76

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2016

MCQ▾

Question

In a study on scaling of attitude items, eleven statements were included. What would be the number of pairs of attitude statements? (Paper - 2 July)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

110

b.

121

c.

55

d.

21

Question number: 77

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2016

Match List-Ⅰ List-Ⅱ▾

Question

Match List – I with List – II and select the correct answer by choosing from the codes given below: (Paper - 2 July)
List-Ⅰ (Attitude Scaling Technique) List-Ⅱ (Computational Features)

(A)

Scalogram

(i)

Computes routine measures of item analysis like item-remainder correlation to select item

(B)

Summated ratings

(ii)

Computes median category as scale values

(C)

Equal appearing intervals

(iii)

Computes Z – scores as estimates of scale values

(D)

Paired comparison

(iv)

Computes coefficient of reproducibility

Choices

Choice (4) Response
  • (A)
  • (B)
  • (C)
  • (D)

a.

  • (ii)
  • (iii)
  • (iv)
  • (i)

b.

  • (iii)
  • (i)
  • (iv)
  • (ii)

c.

  • (iv)
  • (i)
  • (ii)
  • (iii)

d.

  • (iii)
  • (iv)
  • (ii)
  • (i)

Passage

Read the following paragraph and answer the five questions, which follow:

Scaling in psychology can be classified into two categories – psychophysical scaling and psychological scaling. Although psychological scaling had its origin in Fechner’s method of first choices and the work on colour preference, the major work in psychological scaling began in 1920’s in the context of attitude measurement. Bogardus Social Distance Scale (1925) is one of such first attempts. A major breakthrough in attitude scaling occurred when Thurstone developed his Law of Comparative Judgement (LCJ) and also proposed the three scaling methods- paired comparison, equal appearing intervals and successive intervals. In the paired comparison, every statement/stimulus is paired with every other statement/stimulus. The computational methods of paired comparison are most extensively developed, some of them using Thurston’s LCJ directly for this purpose. Such pairing of statements/stimuli is not involved in methods of Equal Appearing Intervals (EAI) and Successive Intervals (SI). Moreover, the distributions of the categories, assigned by the judges to each attitude statement in EAI and SI need not be normal; in fact the distributions for several statements are skewed. This situation requires some computational precautions. Moreover, the method of successive intervals was computationally quite laborious in pre-computer era and hence it was not so popular. In the classical scaling tradition, Guttmann developed the scalogram technique and Edwards developed the scale discrimination technique. Likert’s development of summated ratings represent an important landmark in attitude measurement. It follows the traditional psychometric model. Aiken and Groth -Marnatt (2009) concluded that other scaling techniques, less frequently used for attitude measurement, include Osgood’s semantic differential, Q-sort, expectancy value rating, magnitude estimation, multidimensional scaling etc.

(Paper 3 January)

Question number: 78 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

The scale values of the attitude statements, obtained by analyzing paired comparison data following Thurston’s LCJ, would yield

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Ratio scale

b.

Interval scale

c.

Nominal Scale

d.

Ordinal scale

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