NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Psychology (Paper-II): Questions 4679 - 4682 of 5827

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Question number: 4679

» Thinking and Reasoning » Characteristics of Thinking and Reasoning

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MCQ▾

Question

A perceptual set that causes one to become hung up on wrong solutions or remain blind to alternatives is called

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

fixation.

b.

incubation.

c.

inhibition.

d.

creative thinking.

e.

conditional thinking.

Question number: 4680

» Research Aptitude » Types of Research

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Question

An experimenter conducts an experiment on the effects of a drug to control hallucinations. He declares the results to be “statistically significant, ” which usually means that

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

even though appropriate statistics were used, no differences could be detected between experimental and control groups.

b.

the results have important implications for theory or practice.

c.

differences between experimental and control groups of this size occur by chance only 5 times out of 100 (or less).

d.

differences between experimental and control groups were so large they could never occur by chance alone.

e.

differences between experimental and control groups of this size occur by chance only 50 times out of 100.

Question number: 4681

» Development of Human Behavior » Hereditary and Environment

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MCQ▾

Question

Harlow’s finding that baby monkeys prefer a terrycloth surrogate mother to a wire mother demonstrates the importance of

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

imprinting or critical periods.

b.

contact comfort.

c.

acceptance.

d.

good nutrition.

e.

rejection.

Question number: 4682

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following statements explains classical conditioning?

Choices

Choice (5) Response

a.

A type of learning in which a response naturally elicited by a stimulus comes to be elicited by a formerly neutral stimulus

b.

The process by which voluntary behaviors are produced in the presence of certain stimuli

c.

A type of learning based on modeling or imitating the behavior of others

d.

The process by which experience or practice results in a change in behavior

e.

A type of learning in which behaviors are produced based on rewards and punishments

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