CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 4155 - 4158 of 4552

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Passage

Read the following paragraph and answer the question that follows:

The most popular method of measuring attitudes is to administer the attitude scale. Although Bogardus Social Distance Scale (1925) is one of the first attitude scales, a major breakthrough in attitude scaling was made by L. L. Thurstone who developed the law of comparative judgement (LCJ) and also proposed the three scaling methods – paired comparison, equal appearing intervals, and successive intervals. In the paired comparison, every statement/stimulus is paired with every other statement/stimulus. The computational methods of paired comparison are most extensively developed and use Thurstone’s LCJ directly for this purpose. Since the paired comparison method has limitations in scaling large number of statements/stimuli, the two other methods –equal appearing intervals, and successive intervals – were developed by Thurstone. The method of successive intervals was computationally laborious in the pre – computer era and hence it was not so popular. In the classical scaling tradition Guttmann developed the scalogram technique and Edwards developed the scale discrimination technique. Likert’s development of summated rating represent an important landmark in attitude measurement. It follows the traditional psychometric model. Aiken and Groth – Marnatt (2009) pointed out that other scaling techniques, less frequently used for attitude assessment, include Osgood’s semantic differential, Q – sort, Magnitude estimation, expectancy value scaling, facet analysis, multidimensional scaling etc.

Question number: 4155 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

In which of the scaling method, item – remainder correlations are frequently calculated? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Equal appearing intervals

b.

Summated ratings

c.

Successive intervals

d.

Paired comparison

Question number: 4156

» Mental Disorders » Hysteria

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Conversion Disorder (Hysteria) is now placed in the category of: (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Anxiety related Disorders

b.

Somatoform Disorders

c.

Anxiety Disorders

d.

Psychological Factors Affecting Physical conditions

Question number: 4157

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

Appeared in Year: 2015

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion (Ꭺ)

In operant conditioning the rat presses the bar spontaneously. (June)

Reason (Ꭱ)

Shaping is a procedure in which rewards gradually guide an animal’s behavior toward a desired goal.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

b.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

c.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

d.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

Question number: 4158

» Statistics & Research Methods » ANOVA or F Test

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

In a study, twenty – five subjects performed the same task under three conditions – relaxed, moderately stressed, and highly stressed. The suitable analysis of variance was carried out. The degree of freedom for the conditions X subjects interaction (used as an estimate of error variance) would be: (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

48

b.

24

c.

72

d.

74

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