CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 4150 - 4154 of 4523

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Question number: 4150

» Mental Disorders » Mental Health

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following psychologists first empirically established that social stress distort physical health? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Holmes and Rahe

b.

Lazarus and Folkman

c.

Selye

d.

Srivastava and Pestonjee

Passage

Read the following paragraph and answer the question that follows:

The most popular method of measuring attitudes is to administer the attitude scale. Although Bogardus Social Distance Scale (1925) is one of the first attitude scales, a major breakthrough in attitude scaling was made by L. L. Thurstone who developed the law of comparative judgement (LCJ) and also proposed the three scaling methods – paired comparison, equal appearing intervals, and successive intervals. In the paired comparison, every statement/stimulus is paired with every other statement/stimulus. The computational methods of paired comparison are most extensively developed and use Thurstone’s LCJ directly for this purpose. Since the paired comparison method has limitations in scaling large number of statements/stimuli, the two other methods –equal appearing intervals, and successive intervals – were developed by Thurstone. The method of successive intervals was computationally laborious in the pre – computer era and hence it was not so popular. In the classical scaling tradition Guttmann developed the scalogram technique and Edwards developed the scale discrimination technique. Likert’s development of summated rating represent an important landmark in attitude measurement. It follows the traditional psychometric model. Aiken and Groth – Marnatt (2009) pointed out that other scaling techniques, less frequently used for attitude assessment, include Osgood’s semantic differential, Q – sort, Magnitude estimation, expectancy value scaling, facet analysis, multidimensional scaling etc.

Question number: 4151 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2015

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion (Ꭺ)

In method of equal appearing intervals, median is often used as a measure of scale value. (June)

Reason (Ꭱ)

In normal distribution mean, median and mode are equal.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are false

b.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

c.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

d.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

Question number: 4152 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

In which of the scaling method, item – remainder correlations are frequently calculated? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Equal appearing intervals

b.

Summated ratings

c.

Successive intervals

d.

Paired comparison

Question number: 4153 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

If eleven attitude statements are to be scaled by the method of paired comparison, what would be the number of pairs? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

121

b.

11

c.

110

d.

55

Question number: 4154 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Attitude » Measurement of Attitude

Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

Which one of the following technique usually yields multidimensional attitude scales? (June)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Equal appearing intervals

b.

Paired comparison

c.

Summated ratings

d.

Scalogram

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