CBSE-NET (UGC) Psychology (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 814 - 817 of 4442

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Question number: 814

» Learning » Operant Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

An operant conditioning procedure that involves the positive reinforcement of successive approximations of an initially improbable behavior to eventually bring about that behavior is known as:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

primary reinforcer

b.

shaping

c.

punishment

d.

secondary reinforcer

Question number: 815

» Emotion » Theories of Emotion

MCQ▾

Question

Which theory claims that emotions are organized in the brain and that emotional feelings and bodily expressions occur simultaneously?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

attribution theory

b.

the James-Lange theory

c.

the cognition theory

d.

the Cannon-Bard theory

Question number: 816

» Learning » Classical Conditioning

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following best explains E. L. Thorndike’s law of effect?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Receiving reinforcement every time a person performs a good deed, continuous reinforcement, will increase the likelihood that the person will continue that behavior.

b.

Behaviors that are negatively reinforced are more likely to discontinue than behaviors that are punished.

c.

The stimuli of food, water, and sex are innately satisfying and require no learning.

d.

Behaviors are strengthened by positive consequences and weakened by negative ones.

Question number: 817

» Intelligence » Measurement of Intelligence

MCQ▾

Question

The “Flynn effect” is a reference to the phenomenon of

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

“recession” in the ceiling effect for giftedness.

b.

gender differences in measured intelligence.

c.

“inflation” of measured intelligence on tests.

d.

culture loading of tests in terms of language.

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