NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Population Studies (Paper-II): Questions 27 - 28 of 417

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Passage

The national Rural health mission (NRHM) launched on 12th April 2005 primarily aimed provisioning of accessible, affordable and quality health care to rural population, especially vulnerable and underserved population groups in the country with the primary objective of faster reduction in infant mortality rate (30 per thousand live third) maternal mortality ratio (100 per 1,00,000 live birth) and total fertility rate (2.1) by 2012 to accelerate the population stabilization process by 2045 AD at a level consistent with the requirement of sustainable economic growth, social development and environmental protection.

The architectural correction enshrined in the Preamble of NHRM document primarily comprised of decentralization, communization, organizational structural reforms in health sector, inter – sect oral convergence, public private partnership in health sector, mainstreaming Indian system of medication under Ayurveda, yoga, unani siddha and homeopathy (AYUSH), induction of management and financial personnel into health care management and delivery system. The NHRM vision envisaged the architectural correction to enable the health care system to effectively handle increased allocation and promote policies that strengthen public health management and service delivery in the country. The mission also intended to adopt synergistic approached by relating health to determinants of good health viz. nutrition, sanitation, hygiene, and safe drinking water.

The mission attempts to achieve its goals through a net of core strategies including decentralized health planning and management, appointment of community health volunteers, strengthening of public health service delivery infrastructure, promoting the non-profit sector and community empowerment inter-Sectoral convergence launching of “Janani Suraksha Yojana” (JSY) scheme formation of village health sanitation committee and up gradation of public health facilities to Indian Public Health Standards (IPHS) etc.

Question number: 27 (1 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population & Health Policies and Programmes » National Health Mission (NHM) » History and Evolution

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Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

What was the aim of ‘National Rural Health Mission’? (December)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

To make rural health services more responsive and comprehensive including primitive, preventive, and secondary health care services.

b.

To provide services based on equity, gender sensitivity, quality, and affordability.

c.

To improve health status of rural, vulnerable, and underserved population groups in the country.

d.

To provide accessible, affordable and quality health care to rural population, especially vulnerable and underserved population groups.

Question number: 28 (2 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population & Health Policies and Programmes » National Health Mission (NHM) » History and Evolution

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Appeared in Year: 2015

MCQ▾

Question

What has been mainstay of architectural correction enshrined in the preamble of NRHM document (December)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

It comprised of better allocation of resources, public private partnership, community ownership, and convergence with other sectors.

b.

It comprised of decentralization communication, organizational structural reforms in health sector, inter-sect oral convergence public private partnership mainstreaming Indian system of medicines, improving health care management and delivery system.

c.

It comprised of assuring basic health services to all in gender sensitive, human right, equitable, and efficient manner.

d.

It comprised better governance, financial and logistics management, improved infrastructure and quality health care services.

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