NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Population Studies (Paper-II): Questions 248 - 251 of 518

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Passage

Read the paragraph given below and answer questions below:

In rural areas of low income countries, rapid population growths has often resulted in added pressure on agricultural land, resulting in land fragmentation and the reduction of yields. Such a process is at the root of a further cycle of environmental damage as the people who lack adequate land in one region migrate to ever more environmentally fragile area in search of better chances of subsistence. Although the rural population of developing countries is expected to increase more slowly in the future than it did over past 40 years, several regions already have very high population densities relative to available agricultural land. Consequently, even low levels of population growth are likely to result in added pressure on the rural environment. In those region, the continued destruction of natural resources as a result of attempts to extend the agricultural frontier is very likely to continue or to accelerate in the future.

When considering responses to environmental problems, it is necessary to recognize that social- institutional factors are as important as the technologies ones. Traditional societies developed communal rules for managing scares resources. Population growths has the potential to destabilize such communal arrangements, since rules that functioned adequately at a low population density may lead to over exploitation and pollution at a higher density.

Question number: 248 (2 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population, Development and Environment » Population and Resources » Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Rural population growth in low income countries causes which of the following? (November)

(i) Pushes people to migrate out

(ii) Extend the agriculture frontier

(iii) Intensifies the use of labor in agriculture

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Only (i) and (iii)

b.

Only (ii) and (iii)

c.

Only (i) and (ii)

d.

All (i), (ii) and (iii)

Question number: 249 (3 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population, Development and Environment » Population and Resources » Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Rapid population growth in rural areas of low income countries results into: (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Land fragmentation and reduction of yields

b.

Increased use of stubble burning

c.

Intensive use of irrigation

d.

Increased use of pesticides

Question number: 250 (4 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population, Development and Environment » Population and Resources » Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

In spite of slow rural population growth in low income countries, environmental damages will continue because: (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Adoption of primitive method in agriculture

b.

High use of chemical fertilizer

c.

Consumption level of the population is high

d.

Agricultural density is high

Question number: 251 (5 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Population, Development and Environment » Population and Resources » Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

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Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Which among the following is not true while considering population growth and resource management? (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Traditional societies developed communal rules for managing scarce resources.

b.

Population growth may destabilize the communal rule.

c.

Communal rules work well when there is high population density.

d.

Communal rules may cause over—exploitation of scarce resources at higher population density.

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