NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Population Studies (Paper-II): Questions 1802 - 1805 of 2302

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Passage

Currently Japanese Economy & Society is undergoing profound changes in the demographic background caused by low fertility in the past. The most notable is the prospect that the population of Japan will soon be decreasing after the turn of the century. Population projections observed that population of Japan will reach its peak in the year 2015 and decrease thereafter. It would be the first experience in its history to have a continuous and long-lasting loss of population by sustained below-replacement fertility.

Population in the working age group 15 - 64 had started declining since 1996. Another turning point in Japanese demographics occurred in 1997, when the elderly population aged 65 and over exceeded the child population aged under 15. The dependency ratio, a ratio of child and elderly population to working age population will also increase because of both the increase in the elderly population and the decrease in working population.

Population ageing also advances within each age group. This implies that unit costs of social security for the elderly population since older-elderly people are more expensive in terms of medical care. Population in the labour force are also rapidly ageing, entailing such a consequence as decline in productivity and adaptability of the labour force.

Question 1802 (2 of 4 Based on Passage)

Concept and Measures of Population Ageing

Appeared in Year: 2016

Question

MCQ▾

Labour force ageing causes economic crisis as (September)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

It increases disability among the workers.

b.

It reduces motivation to work hard.

c.

It reduces productivity and adaptability of the labour force.

d.

It increases their family responsibility.

Question 1803 (3 of 4 Based on Passage)

Concept and Measures of Population Ageing

Appeared in Year: 2016

Question

MCQ▾

Increase in the proportion of older elderly would cause Japan to (September)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Spend more on social security per elderly person.

b.

Withdraw all medical support for the older elderly.

c.

Legalize euthanasia.

d.

Encourage people to work in old age.

Question 1804 (4 of 4 Based on Passage)

Concept and Measures of Population Ageing

Appeared in Year: 2016

Question

MCQ▾

Japanese economy and society is undergoing profound changes in the country՚s population characteristics because of (September)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Declining working age population.

b.

Globalization and trade competition.

c.

Less immigration.

d.

Internal political crisis.

Question 1805

Civil Registration System in India - Sample Registration System in India(SRS)

Appeared in Year: 2016

Question

MCQ▾

Arrange the following Union Territories in descending order (top to bottom) according to the Crude Birth Rate shown in the SRS Bulletin September 2014. (September)

(i) Dadra & Nagar Haveli

(ii) Daman & Diu

(iii) Puducherry

(iv) Lakshadweep

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

(ii) , (iii) , (iv) , (i)

b.

(i) , (ii) , (iii) , (iv)

c.

(iii) , (ii) , (i) , (iv)

d.

(iv) , (iii) , (ii) , (i)

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