NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Population Studies (Paper-II): Questions 1354 - 1358 of 2302

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Passage

Answer the following paragraphs:

Population ageing is a worldwide phenomenon, owing first to declining fertility rates and second to increased life expectancy. In every region of the world, women are having fewer children than three decades ago. In the early 1970՚s the total fertility rate worldwide was estimated at 4 - 5 children for each woman, compared with 2 - 7 in 2000.

At the same time, advances in nutrition, medicine and lifestyle have resulted in people living longer. Life expectancy worldwide increased from 45 years in 1945 to 70 years in 2000 and is projected to reach 80 years by 2050. Nearly one in four persons will be over 60 years old for the first time in history, they will outnumber children.

In nearly all countries, women live in longer than men. The gap can be as much as years in Eastern Europe, and as low as 3 years in South Central Asia. Women make up of older people globally. Although the proportion of older people to younger ones is currently higher in developed countries, the demographics of ageing are such that by 2025,75percent of the 1.2 billion people over 60 years old will live in developing countries.

Widowhood for women over age 60 is most prevalent in Northern Africa and Central Asia and lowest in Latin America. About 10 % of women in India are widows. Widowers do not suffer the social sigma. Restrictions and taboos associated with widows. Widow Remarriage are also restricted than the remarriages among the widower.

Question 1354 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is the decadal improvement in the projected life expectancy between 2000 and 2050? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

4 years

b.

1 year

c.

3 years

d.

2 years

Question 1355 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following processes has resulted into population ageing? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Increase in life expectancy

b.

Declining fertility

c.

Decrease in fertility along with increase in longevity

d.

Declining mortality

Question 1356 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following provides the correct male to female ratio among the aged population? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

55: 45

b.

60: 40

c.

45: 55

d.

50: 50

Question 1357

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

“Each society at each point in history has its own law of population” . The statement forms the basis of which of the following? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Condorcet՚s utopian ideas

b.

Marxian perspective

c.

Ancient thinkers on population

d.

Neo- Malthusian viewpoints

Question 1358

Appeared in Year: 2019

Question

MCQ▾

Which among the following does not match with mercantilist viewpoints on population growth? (June)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Restriction on immigration

b.

Population growth is essential for increase in national revenue

c.

Expanding trade

d.

Penalties for non- marriage

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