NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Population Studies (Paper-II): Questions 797 - 800 of 2302

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Passage

Read the paragraph given below and answer questions below:

In rural areas of low income countries, rapid population growths has often resulted in added pressure on agricultural land, resulting in land fragmentation and the reduction of yields. Such a process is at the root of a further cycle of environmental damage as the people who lack adequate land in one region migrate to ever more environmentally fragile area in search of better chances of subsistence. Although the rural population of developing countries is expected to increase more slowly in the future than it did over past 40 years, several regions already have very high population densities relative to available agricultural land. Consequently, even low levels of population growth are likely to result in added pressure on the rural environment. In those region, the continued destruction of natural resources as a result of attempts to extend the agricultural frontier is very likely to continue or to accelerate in the future.

When considering responses to environmental problems, it is necessary to recognize that social- institutional factors are as important as the technologies ones. Traditional societies developed communal rules for managing scares resources. Population growths has the potential to destabilize such communal arrangements, since rules that functioned adequately at a low population density may lead to over exploitation and pollution at a higher density.

Question 797 (2 of 6 Based on Passage)

Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

Appeared in Year: 2017

Question

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion(Ꭺ)

Human activities in environmentally fragile areas cause damage to the environment. (November)

Reason(Ꭱ)

Rural population growth leads to migration of people to environmentally fragile areas.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

b.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

c.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

d.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

Question 798 (3 of 6 Based on Passage)

Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

Appeared in Year: 2017

Question

MCQ▾

In spite of slow rural population growth in low income countries , environmental damages will continue because: (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Adoption of primitive method in agriculture

b.

High use of chemical fertilizer

c.

Consumption level of the population is high

d.

Agricultural density is high

Question 799 (4 of 6 Based on Passage)

Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Salinity

Appeared in Year: 2017

Question

MCQ▾

Rapid population growth in rural areas of low income countries results into: (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Land fragmentation and reduction of yields

b.

Increased use of stubble burning

c.

Intensive use of irrigation

d.

Increased use of pesticides

Question 800 (5 of 6 Based on Passage)

Pressure of Population Growth on Land Use - Soil Erosion

Appeared in Year: 2017

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is the correct combination of factors while understanding population growth and environmental degradation? (November)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Social and institutional

b.

Institutional and technological

c.

Social and technological

d.

Social- institutional and technological

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