NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Political Science (Paper-II): Questions 1 of 998

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» Comparative Politics and Political Analysis » Revolution » Theories and Types

Appeared in Year: 2017

MCQ▾

Question

Who believed that the success of a revolution occurs when it is limited to the political and not extending to the social? (November Paper II)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Hannah Arendt

b.

Mahatma Gandhi

c.

Crane Brinton

d.

V. I. Lenin

Topic %Score

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Ques. Time s

Answer

a.

Explanation

  • Hannah Arendt, in her major work, On Revolution (1961), describes various aspects of revolution. Arendt takes issue with both liberal and Marxist interpretations of modern political revolutions such as the French and the American. Against liberals, she disputes the claim that these revolutions were primarily concerned with the establishment of a limited government that would make space for individual liberty beyond the reach of the state.

  • Against Marxist interpretations of the French Revolution, she disputes the claim that it was driven by the “social question, ” a popular attempt to overcome poverty and exclusion by the many against the few who monopolized wealth in the ancient regime. Rather, Arendt claims, what distinguishes these modern revolutions is that they exhibit the exercise of fundamental political capacities - that of individuals acting together, on the basis of their mutually agreed common purposes, in order to establish a tangible public space of freedom.

Hannah Arendt in image

Hannah Arendt in Image

Hannah Arendt in image

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