NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Political Science (Paper-II): Questions 1881 - 1884 of 1909

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Question 1881

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

Assertion-Reason▾

Assertion(Ꭺ)

The idea of ‘governance’ gained in prominence by connoting a plurality of rules in place of the state՚s monopoly. (October)

Reason(Ꭱ)

The idea of governance owes its origin to the World Bank.

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true and Ꭱ is the correct explanation of Ꭺ

b.

Ꭺ is false but Ꭱ is true

c.

Ꭺ is true but Ꭱ is false

d.

Both Ꭺ and Ꭱ are true but Ꭱ is NOT the correct explanation of Ꭺ

Question 1882

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

Aristotle՚s “ideal state is always Plato՚s second best” who said this? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

CL Wayper

b.

GH Sabine

c.

W Ebenstien

d.

JA Dunning

Question 1883

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

‘Agannasutta’ is related to? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Vedanta Philosophy

b.

Hindu Philosophy

c.

Jain Philosophy

d.

Buddhist Philosophy

Passage

Read the passage and answer the questions:

From this perspective of democracy, representation can help and hurt democracy, even if representation cannot be democratic since it cannot replicate the demos. But the phenomenon of representation reflects an emotional roller-coaster- great hopes during an election campaign; great disappointments from the works of government in office. This problem stems in part from the fact that representative government and demos potentially operate at cross-purposes. The office of a representative results from elections, which elevate a set of political rulers above the ruled in order to make in laws. In office, they make compromises to get legislative business done. Representative may feel proud of what they accomplished, because they made the decisions which led to the compromise. But citizens can՚t take pride in legislative work, and they mostly suffer the consequences required by the compromise. That doesn՚t mean that representatives always will be scorned; as mentioned above, their office enables them to undertake political initiatives not viable during an election campaign or to protect minorities whose needs may have been neglected. That said, the necessary activity of legislative compromise takes place above the heads and behind the backs of the people. As such it contradicts the ‘Athenian and Aristotelian’ understanding of democracies as political order that depend on the deliberative and decisive powers of the citizens (i.e.. the demos) acting with authoritative power. Citizens of the Athenian democracy were said to rule and be ruled in turn, but in every case their power required political presence and deliberative action of citizens.

Question 1884 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

Why could have representatives felt proud of what they accomplished? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

They made the decisions which led to the compromise

b.

They made their adversaries compromise with their core values

c.

They made a level jump in their career progression

d.

They made the decision for their followers

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