NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Political Science (Paper-II): Questions 1868 - 1873 of 1909

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Passage

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Ronald Dworkin՚s thesis is that some of the rights people have are fundamental, but many are not. They are fundamental because they are ‘the rights against the state.’ Dworkin says that the notion of rights as trumps “marks the distinctive concept of an individual right against the state which is the heart … of the constitutional theory in United States.” In the special supplement, Dworkin argued that the concept of right against the government becomes most useful particularly when the society is divided on racial lines into majority and minority. The right to freedom of speech and religious freedom belongs to this category. Therefore, they are strong rights. He asserts that these rights should be permitted and should not be interfered or banned. These freedoms are to be allowed even if the welfare of the collectivity is infringed.

On the contrary, he also presupposes a large area of rights where the state can make legislations curtailing those rights to achieve common welfare. They can be called weak rights. Right to liberty for example becomes a weak right against right to equality, a strong right. This at the outset may look contradictory, but is not. For example, restraining the movement on the roads for safety and smooth traffic movement does not mean restraining the rights, on the other hand, putting a restriction on publication and restraining the freedom of speech will infringe the rights even if it enhances general welfare. Thus, even though in both cases rights are involved, curtailment of one is justified, whereas the other is not.

Question 1868 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

Which of the following is a weak right? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Right to religious freedom

b.

Right to property

c.

Right to equality

d.

Right to liberty

Question 1869 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

The strong rights need to be? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Permitted

b.

Inferred

c.

Borrowed

d.

Ordained

Question 1870 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

The idea of right against the government becomes very useful when the society is divided into majority and minority based on? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Religion

b.

Caste

c.

Class

d.

Race

Question 1871 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

The rights claimed against the state are considered as: (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Fundamental rights

b.

Human rights

c.

Legal rights

d.

Natural rights

Question 1872 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

The rights that are curtailed to achieve common welfare may be called as? (October)

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Strong rights

b.

Fundamental rights

c.

Weak rights

d.

Human rights

Question 1873

Appeared in Year: 2020

Question

MCQ▾

According to Aristotle which of the following statements are correct: (October)

(1) Polis should be large enough to guarantee self-sufficiency and small enough to ensure good government.

(2) The Polis was natural and prior to the individual, not chronologically but teleologically.

(3) Polis is the highest and most comprehensive of human associations.

(4) Polis is man writ large.

Choose the correct option:

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

(2) and (4) only

b.

(1) and (4) only

c.

(1) , (2) and (3) only

d.

(3) and (4) only

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