NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Performing Arts (Paper-II): Questions 1 of 2

Drama Theatre
Drama and Its Theories: Indian and Western
Concept of Drama- Indian and Western (New 2019)
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Question

Match List-Ⅰ List-Ⅱ▾

The Tradition of Indian drama in Aesthetics is as Ancient as 200 BCE. Given below are the Famous works of Great Indian Dramatists. Pick the Rightly Matched pair from the options:

List-Ⅰ (Column a) List-Ⅱ (Column B)

(A)

Ratnavali

(i)

Patanjali

(B)

Buddhacharita

(ii)

Kalidasa

(C)

Mricchakatika

(iii)

Sudraka

(D)

Mahabhashya

(iv)

Harshvardhana

Choices

Choice (4) Response
  • (A)
  • (B)
  • (C)
  • (D)
a.
  • (iv)
  • (ii)
  • (i)
  • (iii)
b.
  • (iii)
  • (ii)
  • (i)
  • (iv)
c.
  • (iv)
  • (i)
  • (ii)
  • (iii)
d.
  • (iv)
  • (ii)
  • (iii)
  • (i)

Answer

d.

Explanation

  • Mahabhashya’ is an ancient work by Patanjali who is a renowned Sanskrit grammarian. ′ Mahabhashya’ is a commentary on the rules of Sanskrit grammar of Panini’s ‘Asthadhyayi’. ‘Mahabhashya’ is dated to be 2nd century BCE. It is a must read on the list of Indian aesthetics.
  • Buddhacharita is an ancient poem composed by Ashvaghosa. He was a Buddhist philosopher and is considered the first Sanskrit dramatist before Kalidasa. Buddhacharita is an autobiography of Gautam Buddha and is considered a classic to read for students of Indian drama and aesthetics. Ashvaghosa wrote in classical Sanskrit and many of his works are translated in order to study his dramas and poems.
  • Ratnavali is a famous drama written by ancient India king, Harsha or Harshvardhana. Harsha is said to be a famous Sanskrit dramatist who has authored many famous dramas namely Nagananda, Ratnavali, Priyadarsika.
    • Ratnavali is a drama in four acts, which revolves around Indian princess named Ratnavali and a king named Udayana.
    • This drama is famous to have the first textual reference of Hindu festival of colours named Holi.
  • Mricchakatika (The Little Clay Cart) is an ancient Sanskrit drama by Sudraka. Sudraka is believed to have lived between 3rd century BCE to 5th century BCE. Although being an ancient play, it is of much interest to the readers of Indian drama as the story revolves around a noble but common Brahmin and a lady who has linkage to the royalty.
    • It is known for its delineation from the rules of Natyashastra, which talks about depicting characters from the royalty as a directive. The main character Charudatta is a poor Brahman who is in love with a royal courtesan Vasanta sena.
    • It beautifully unfolds the triumph of the noble Brahmin’s love story.
    • This play has fascinated playwrights from different countries which led to its translation twice namely as ‘The Toy Cart’ by Horace Hayman Wilson in 1826 and next as ‘The Little Clay Cart’ in 1905 by Arthur W. Ryder.