Reading Comprehension (CBSE-NET (UGC) Paper-I): Questions 1 - 5 of 27

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Passage

Traditional Indian values must both be viewed from the angle of an individual and from that of a geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call as “State”. Indian state’s special feature is peaceful, coexistence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. Modern Indian law will determine certain rules, especially in relation to the regime of the family, upon the basis of how the loin-cloth is tied, or how the turban is worn, for this may identify the litigants as members of a regional group, and therefore as participants in its traditional law, though their ancestors left the region three or four centuries earlier. The use of the word ‘State’ above must not mislead us. There was no such thing as a conflict between the individual and the State, atleast before foreign governments became established, just as there was no concept of state ‘sovereignty’ or of any church-and-state dichotomy.

Modem Indian ‘secularism’ has an admittedly peculiar feature: It requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all religions. These blessed aspects of India’s famed tolerance (Indian kings to rarely persecuted religious groups that the exceptions prove the rule) at once struck Portuguese and other European visitors to the West Coast of India in the sixteenth century, and the impression made upon them in this and other ways gave rise, at one remove, to the basic constitution of Thomas More’s Utopia. There is little about modern India that strikes one at once as Utopian: but the insistence upon the inculcation of norms, and the absence of bigotry and institutionalized exploitation of human or natural resources are two very different features which link the realities of India and her tradition with the essence of all Utopians.

Question number: 1 (1 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

The author uses the word ‘State’ to highlight

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Dependence of religion

b.

Antagonistic relationship between the state and the individual throughout the period of history.

c.

Absence of conflict between the state and the individuals up to a point in time.

d.

The concept of state sovereignty

Question number: 2 (2 of 2 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following is a special feature of the Indian state?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Social integration of all groups

b.

Peaceful co-existence of people under a common system of leadership

c.

Peaceful co-existence of social groups of different historical provenances attached to each other in a geographical, economic and political sense

d.

Cultural assimilation of all social groups

Passage

Traditional Indian values must both be viewed from the angle of an individual and from that of a geographically delimited agglomeration of peoples or groups enjoying a common system of leadership which we call as “State”. Indian state’s special feature is peaceful, coexistence of social groups of various historical provenances which mutually adhere in geographical, economic and political sense, without ever assimilating to each other in social terms, in ways of thinking, or even in language. Modern Indian law will determine certain rules, especially in relation to the regime of the family, upon the basis of how the loin-cloth is tied, or how the turban is worn, for this may identify the litigants as members of a regional group, and therefore as participants in its traditional law, though their ancestors left the region three or four centuries earlier. The use of the word ‘State’ above must not mislead us. There was no such thing as a conflict between the individual and the State, atleast before foreign governments became established, just as there was no concept of state ‘sovereignty’ or of any church-and-state dichotomy.

Modem Indian ‘secularism’ has an admittedly peculiar feature: It requires the state to make a fair distribution of attention amongst all religions. These blessed aspects of India’s famed tolerance (Indian kings to rarely persecuted religious groups that the exceptions prove the rule) at once struck Portuguese and other European visitors to the West Coast of India in the sixteenth century, and the impression made upon them in this and other ways gave rise, at one remove, to the basic constitution of Thomas More’s Utopia. There is little about modern India that strikes one at once as Utopian: but the insistence upon the inculcation of norms, and the absence of bigotry and institutionalized exploitation of human or natural resources are two very different features which link the realities of India and her tradition with the essence of all Utopians. (June)

Question number: 3 (1 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

The basic construction of Thomas More’s Utopia was inspired by

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Social inequality in India

b.

Indian tradition of religious tolerance

c.

European perception of Indian State

d.

Persecution of religious groups by Indian rulers

Question number: 4 (2 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

What is the striking feature of modern India?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Adherence to traditional values

b.

Replica of Utopian State

c.

Absence of Bigotry

d.

Uniform Laws

Question number: 5 (3 of 3 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

Appeared in Year: 2014

MCQ▾

Question

Which one is the peculiar feature of modern Indian ‘secularism’?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Total indifference to religion

b.

Disregard for social law

c.

No space for social identity

d.

No discrimination on religious considerations

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