NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Paper-I: Questions 3063 - 3067 of 4235

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Passage

Read the following passage and answer the questions.

As we approach a significant date, the 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Second World War, our memories go back to the enormous adversities that the world had gone through in 1939 - 1945. On this occasion, we grieve the millions of innocent lives lost in Europe, Asia, and Africa, which were engulfed in the flames of hostilities for six long years. We remember the hardships met by our fathers and grandfathers. They sacrificed their lives in the efforts to defeat the adversary and rebuilt the war-torn motherland amidst post-war hunger and extreme austerities.

By the mid-1930s, the instigators of the upcoming war, the Nazis in Germany, the Fascists in Italy and the imperialists in Japan, were busy getting their economies and armies battle-ready. Even as Italy was spreading its foothold in Africa and the Mediterranean, Japan began the conquest of Asia. Germany, having done away with the limitations imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, was eyeing its share of colonies and the vast resources of the USSR. The young Soviet country came under a grave existential threat.

The Soviet Union realized that the cooperation with Great Britain and France may have prevented the war or at least ensured a quick defeat of the aggressors. Over the next few years, Soviet diplomacy desperately tried to forge international collective security arrangements, based on existing allied pacts as well as mutual interests. As evident from archival documents, the British conservatives under the leadership of Neville Chamberlain had another plan in mind. Rather than joining hands for peace with the USSR and other countries to thwart the aggressive plans of the Nazis in Europe, they decided to appease Adolf Hitler (to ride the tiger, as Winston Churchill put it). The aim was to isolate the USSR and to channel predatory German energy to the East, towards the Soviet Union. In Asia, the British government encouraged Tokyo to direct its annexationist appetite to the Russian Far East, further away from the British colonies in south China.

In 1938, these sordid intentions resulted in London and Paris signing the infamous Munich Agreement. This ignominious act allowed the dismembering of their ally, Czechoslovakia. Thus began the countdown to the war. Moscow’s attempts to honour its commitments to save Prague, the first victim of imminent German aggression, were rejected. Warsaw, saturated with hatred and distrust to the communists, said no to the Soviet proposals for meaningful talks and joined the shameless feast by annexing the Polish-populated territories of Czechoslovakia.

In 1939, the stage for the global war was set. By then Germany had determined its aggressive policy by annexing Czechoslovakia, tearing apart the non-aggression pact with Poland, denouncing the maritime treaty with Great Britain and setting up colonial claims against the U. K. and France. Japan had captured large territories of China, and in August, attacked Mongolia in a futile attempt to strike a blow to the USSR. Moscow intensified attempts to reach an agreement with London and Paris. Yet, the British and French negotiators had clear instructions to drag on discussions. The talks reached a deadlock. Facing the threat of a two-front war in total isolation, the USSR was forced to sign the non-aggression pact with Germany, getting some respite before the decisive battle.

Today, we witness the drive to rewrite and falsify the history of the Second World War, to whitewash the real culprits and demonize the victors. These attempts accentuate the efforts to dilute the international security system and undermine international law. The lessons of the Second World War teach us about the dangers of such actions. Having made a decisive contribution to the victory over the evil forces, our country consistently reaffirms its readiness to defend peace by strengthening the existing instruments of global stability as laid out in the UN Charter in 1945.

Question number: 3063 (1 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Consider the following statements about the 1930s from the passage,

I. Germany and Italy were aggressively pursuing colonies in Africa

II. Japan had attacked and conquered areas in Asia

Which of the above statements are correct?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

I and II

b.

Neither I and II

c.

I

d.

II

Question number: 3064 (2 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The author opens the passage by?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Commemorating the victims

b.

Telling how the war was won

c.

Celebrating victory

d.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question number: 3065 (3 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

What justification does the Author give for the USSR signing a non-aggression pact with Germany?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Fall of Czechoslovakia

b.

Deadlock with Allied powers

c.

Germany’s successes in Europe

d.

Japanese attack on Mongolia

Question number: 3066 (4 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of these countries was dismembered due to the Munich Agreement?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Czechoslovakia

b.

Hungary

c.

Latvia

d.

Poland

Question number: 3067 (5 of 6 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The Author of this passage is the Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the Republic of India. What concerns does he say in the last passage?

1. Undermining international law

2. Protecting 1945 UN Charter

3. Rise of Trade Wars

4. Breach of security treaties

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

1,3

b.

2,4

c.

3,4

d.

1,2

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