NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Paper-I: Questions 2962 - 2966 of 4284

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Passage

Read the following passage and answer the questions.

Tamil Nadu, for the first time since the mid-1990s, has been without elected local bodies in urban and rural areas for more than two consecutive years.

On December 30 last year, the State government got yet another ordinance promulgated, extending the term of office of special officers of local bodies up to June 30,2019. A few days later, in the customary address delivered by Governor Banwarilal Purohit to the State Assembly, there was no reference to conducting civic polls, though the Governor had covered the government’s plans, policies and programmes on a number of other matters.

Even during the January 7 hearing of the ongoing case when the State Election Commission (SEC) assured the Madras High Court of holding polls to local bodies in six months, the judges had their own doubts about whether the election schedule, presented before them, would be enforced.

However, State Election Commissioner M. Malik Feroze Khan exudes confidence. “Both direct and indirect elections for the local bodies will be over by the end of July, ” he says. Mr. Khan, who is also the chief of the State Delimitation Commission, says that in mid-December 2018, details on fresh territorial wards of village panchayats, panchayat unions, district panchayats, town panchayats, municipalities and municipal corporations, drawn up using the 2011 Census, were published in the government gazette.

At present, the process of reservation of seats in urban local bodies (ULBs) is under way and the exercise for rural local bodies (RLBs) has almost been completed. “Once this is over, which we expect to achieve by the first week of February, we will take up the task of incorporating the revised electoral rolls, as prepared by the Election Commission of India (ECI), into those of ours which will be based on the latest delimitation of wards, ” the Commissioner says.

Tamil Nadu not holding local bodies’ polls has come to the notice of the Centre, which has not been releasing basic grant and performance grant to the State as a matter of routine. For this financial year, the State government is awaiting the release of ₹3,612.05 crore as basic grant, apart from the performance grant of ₹560.15 crore, due for 2017 - 18. At least, the Centre can release the basic grant as the local bodies are deprived of this amount, says a top official.

Elections and having elected representatives are only some of the aspects of local self-governance. Larger issues are involved. A local body functions as a “school of democracy”, imparting education to people about local, State-level and national issues. Apart from nurturing qualities such as leadership, initiative and compromise, a local body provides space to marginalized communities and sections of society. As G. Palanithurai, a former Professor of Gandhi gram Rural Institute, says, it is the duty of local bodies to ensure economic development and social justice, apart from a host of services.

At the same time, questions are being raised, not just in Tamil Nadu but also elsewhere, about whether local bodies, ever since the adoption of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in 1993, have ushered in an “inclusive, responsive and participatory democracy. ” These macro issues are of no consequence to people like Ramanan, a resident of Kotivakkam in Chennai. “Were councillors of any use to people in an urban setting? Were they not a source of harassment? ” he wonders.

D. R. Sivasamy, former Additional Commissioner of Municipal Administration and now president of the Confederation of Organizations for Integrated Urban Development, does not fully dispute Mr. Ramanan’s statement. He explains why people are not feeling the absence of elected representatives. “The fault lies with them, as they, while in office, did not conduct themselves in an unbiased manner or non-partisan way. ” Mr. Sivasamy points out that the situation in urban local bodies is “pathetic” as officials at the field level “are not concerned about micro problems of the people”, which largely remain unattended. “There is no systematic review of the status of works that are supposed to be carried out through general funds of municipalities. The officials seem to be concentrating only on those works for which government grants are given, ” he laments.

Question number: 2962 (1 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

The details on fresh territorial wards of village panchayats, panchayat unions, and district panchayats were published in which of these documents?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Government Gazette

b.

2011 Census

c.

Governor’s address

d.

2001 Census

Question number: 2963 (2 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which action will the State Election Commission of Tamil Nadu take after the process of reservation of seats is completed?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Revise electoral rolls

b.

Conduct elections for Local bodies

c.

Delimitation of seats

d.

None of the above

Question number: 2964 (3 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of these topics were not mentioned in the Tamil Nadu Governor’s customary address?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

State policies

b.

Government plans

c.

State programmes

d.

None of the above

Question number: 2965 (4 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

Basic grant includes performance grant

b.

Basic grant help finance Local bodies

c.

Local bodies’ polls influence Government grants

d.

All a. , b. and c. are correct

Question number: 2966 (5 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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MCQ▾

Question

Consider the following two statements,

I. Tamil Nadu has regularly elected local bodies from mid-1990s.

II. Tamil Nadu always regularly elects its rural local bodies.

Which of the above statements are correct?

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

I and II

b.

I

c.

II

d.

Neither I and II

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