NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Paper-I: Questions 2970 - 2974 of 3424

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Passage

Read the following passage and answer the questions.

Tamil Nadu, for the first time since the mid-1990s, has been without elected local bodies in urban and rural areas for more than two consecutive years.

On December 30 last year, the State government got yet another ordinance promulgated, extending the term of office of special officers of local bodies up to June 30,2019. A few days later, in the customary address delivered by Governor Banwarilal Purohit to the State Assembly, there was no reference to conducting civic polls, though the Governor had covered the government’s plans, policies and programmes on a number of other matters.

Even during the January 7 hearing of the ongoing case when the State Election Commission (SEC) assured the Madras High Court of holding polls to local bodies in six months, the judges had their own doubts about whether the election schedule, presented before them, would be enforced.

However, State Election Commissioner M. Malik Feroze Khan exudes confidence. “Both direct and indirect elections for the local bodies will be over by the end of July, ” he says. Mr. Khan, who is also the chief of the State Delimitation Commission, says that in mid-December 2018, details on fresh territorial wards of village panchayats, panchayat unions, district panchayats, town panchayats, municipalities and municipal corporations, drawn up using the 2011 Census, were published in the government gazette.

At present, the process of reservation of seats in urban local bodies (ULBs) is under way and the exercise for rural local bodies (RLBs) has almost been completed. “Once this is over, which we expect to achieve by the first week of February, we will take up the task of incorporating the revised electoral rolls, as prepared by the Election Commission of India (ECI), into those of ours which will be based on the latest delimitation of wards, ” the Commissioner says.

Tamil Nadu not holding local bodies’ polls has come to the notice of the Centre, which has not been releasing basic grant and performance grant to the State as a matter of routine. For this financial year, the State government is awaiting the release of ₹3,612.05 crore as basic grant, apart from the performance grant of ₹560.15 crore, due for 2017 - 18. At least, the Centre can release the basic grant as the local bodies are deprived of this amount, says a top official.

Elections and having elected representatives are only some of the aspects of local self-governance. Larger issues are involved. A local body functions as a “school of democracy”, imparting education to people about local, State-level and national issues. Apart from nurturing qualities such as leadership, initiative and compromise, a local body provides space to marginalized communities and sections of society. As G. Palanithurai, a former Professor of Gandhi gram Rural Institute, says, it is the duty of local bodies to ensure economic development and social justice, apart from a host of services.

At the same time, questions are being raised, not just in Tamil Nadu but also elsewhere, about whether local bodies, ever since the adoption of the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments in 1993, have ushered in an “inclusive, responsive and participatory democracy. ” These macro issues are of no consequence to people like Ramanan, a resident of Kotivakkam in Chennai. “Were councillors of any use to people in an urban setting? Were they not a source of harassment? ” he wonders.

D. R. Sivasamy, former Additional Commissioner of Municipal Administration and now president of the Confederation of Organizations for Integrated Urban Development, does not fully dispute Mr. Ramanan’s statement. He explains why people are not feeling the absence of elected representatives. “The fault lies with them, as they, while in office, did not conduct themselves in an unbiased manner or non-partisan way. ” Mr. Sivasamy points out that the situation in urban local bodies is “pathetic” as officials at the field level “are not concerned about micro problems of the people”, which largely remain unattended. “There is no systematic review of the status of works that are supposed to be carried out through general funds of municipalities. The officials seem to be concentrating only on those works for which government grants are given, ” he laments.

Question number: 2970 (7 of 7 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension » Moderately Difficult Passages

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MCQ▾

Question

Which of these topics were not mentioned in the Tamil Nadu Governor’s customary address?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

State policies

b.

Government plans

c.

State programmes

d.

None of the above

Question number: 2971

» Logical Reasoning » Syllogism & Venn Diagram » New 2019

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Appeared in Year: 2019

MCQ▾

Question

Given below are two premises with four conclusions drawn from them, which of the following conclusions could be validly drawn from the premises? (21 June Morning Shift)

(i) All fans are tubes

(ii) Bulbs are not tubes

Conclusions:

(1) Fans are not bulbs

(2) All tubes are fans

(3) Fans are bulbs

(4) No tube is bulb

Select the correct answer from the options given below:

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

(2), (3) and (4)

b.

(1) and (2)

c.

(1), (2), (3)

d.

(1)

Passage

Consider the following two tables (I and II) that show the percentage wise distribution of the number of laptops sold by a shopkeeper during a period of six months from April to September 2018 and the ratio between the number of laptop sold of brand HP (H) and brand DELL (D) during the same six months. A total of 45000 laptops have been sold during these six months. Study these tables I and II and answer the questions that follow

Table shows The Sale of Laptops Month Wise and Brand Ratio

Table shows The Sale of Laptops Month Wise and Brand Ratio

I. Sale of laptops Month wise

II. Laptops Brand Ratio

Name of Month

% of Laptops

Name of Month

Ratio

April

17

H

D

May

22

April

8

7

June

25

May

4

5

July

8

June

3

2

August

12

July

7

5

September

16

August

7

8

September

7

9

Question number: 2972 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Data Interpretation & Sufficiency » Data Interpretation » New 2019

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Appeared in Year: 2019

MCQ▾

Question

What is the total number of laptops sold by Brand D during May and June, together? (20 June Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

b.

10000

c.

d.

9500

Question number: 2973 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Data Interpretation & Sufficiency » Data Interpretation » New 2019

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Appeared in Year: 2019

MCQ▾

Question

The number of laptops sold by brand H during April is approximately what percentage of the number of laptops sold by brand H during September? (20 June Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

130

b.

110

c.

d.

150

Question number: 2974 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Data Interpretation & Sufficiency » Data Interpretation » New 2019

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Appeared in Year: 2019

MCQ▾

Question

If the shopkeeper earned a profit of Rs. 434 on each laptop sold of brand D during July, what was his total profit earned on the laptops of that brand during the same month? (20 June Evening Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Rs.

b.

Rs.

c.

Rs.

d.

Rs.

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