NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Paper-I: Questions 2429 - 2433 of 3424

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Passage

Read the following passage carefully and given answers below:

It is easy to see that there is nothing particularly unusual, or especially contrary to reason, for a person to choose to pursue a goal that is not exclusively confined to his or her own self-interest. As Adam Smith noted, we do have many different motivations, taking us well beyond the single-minded pursuit of our interest. There is nothing contrary to reason in our willingness to do things that are not entirely self-serving. Some of these motivations, like ‘humanity, justice, generosity and public spirit’, may even be very productive for society, as smith noted. There tends to be, however, more resistance to accepting the possibility that people may have good reasons even to go beyond the pursuit of their own goals. The argument runs: if you are consciously not pursuing what you think are your goals, then clearly those cannot be your goals, Indeed, many authors have taken the view that the claim that one can have reason not to be confined to the pursuit of one’s goals is ‘nonsensical’ since even strongly heterogeneous or altruistic agents cannot pursue other people’s goals without making their own. The point here is that in denying that rationality demands that you must act single-mindedly according to your own goals. You do not necessarily dedicate yourself to the promotion of others. We can reason our way towards following decent rules of behaviour that we see being fair to others as well. This can restrain the unique dominance of single-minded pursuit of our own goals. There is nothing particularly mysterious about our respect for sensible rules of conduct. This can qualify the pursuit of what we rightly-and reasonably-see as goals that we would in general like to advance. What we can say about your choice? There is no difficulty in understanding that you are not averse to helping your neighbour-or anyone else-pursue his or her well-being. But it so happens that you do not think that your neighbour’s well-being is, in fact, best advanced by his wasting time on playing a silly game. Your action is not corollary of any general pursuit of well-being.

Question number: 2429 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Appeared in Year: 2018

MCQ▾

Question

According to the passage, decent rules of behaviour are needed: (22 December Second Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

For being fair to others

b.

To be rational

c.

Due to dominance of our own goals

d.

Because of self-imposed restraints

Question number: 2430 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Appeared in Year: 2018

MCQ▾

Question

The observation of Adam Smith in going beyond self-serving interest is: (22 December Second Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Motivations like justice and public spirit

b.

Willingness to do different things

c.

Having one’s own goals

d.

Issues contrary to reasons

Question number: 2431 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Appeared in Year: 2018

MCQ▾

Question

In the view of many authors, not pursuing one’s own goal is: (22 December Second Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Rational

b.

Altruistic

c.

Nonsensical

d.

Natural

Question number: 2432 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Appeared in Year: 2018

MCQ▾

Question

The moral derived from the passage is: (22 December Second Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Assist your neighbours to engage in any activity of their choice

b.

Pro-active move to support others

c.

Force people to take on the other people’s goals as their own

d.

Not to think of our neighbour

Question number: 2433 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

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Appeared in Year: 2018

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Question

What can stand in the way of single-minded pursuit of one’s goals? (22 December Second Shift)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Respect for sensible rules of conduct

b.

Pursuit of paradoxical parameters

c.

Compulsion to consider the goals of others

d.

Giving priority to our own goals

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