NTA-NET (Based on NTA-UGC) Mass Communication (Paper-II): Questions 1 of 206

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Appeared in Year: 2017

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Question

Identify the correct chronological sequence of the following statutes: (November)

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

The contempt of Court Act, the copyright Act, the Right to Information Act, the young persons (Harmful publications) Act

b.

The Right to Information Act, The young persons (Harmful publications) Act, the copyright Act, the contempt of Court Act

c.

The Young Persons (Harmful publications) Act, the copyright Act, the contempt of Court Act, the Right to Information Act

d.

The copyright Act, the young persons (Harmful publications) Act, the Right to Information Act, the contempt of Court Act

Topic %Score

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Ques. Time s

Answer

c.

Explanation

The Young Persons (Harmful Publications) Act, 1956 provides the definition of harmful publication and the procedure of forfeiting such publications.

Harmful Publication for the purpose of this act are

  • Portraying of commission of an offence

  • Portraying of act of Violence or Cruelty

  • Incidents of horrible and objectionable nature. Section 2 (a) (III)

Punishments for violation of the act are

  • The violator will have to pay a fine.

  • Can be imprisoned for up to 6 months.

  • Both fine and imprisonment can be imposed.

  • The court has the power to order destruction of all the copies of such publication and it can take the possession of such copies from the convicted.

The Copyright Act -1957 supported by the Copyright Rules, 1958, is the governing law for copyright protection in India. Substantial amendments were carried out to the Copyright Act, in May 2012.

Copyright subsists throughout India in the following classes of works:

  • Original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works;

  • Cinematograph films; and

  • Sound recordings.

  • The Contempt of Court Act – 1971

In India, contempt of court is of two types

Civil contempt: Under Section 2 (b) of the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971, civil contempt has been defined as willful disobedience to any judgment, decree, direction, order, writ or other process of a court or willful breach of an undertaking given to a court.

Criminal contempt: Under Section 2 (c) of the Contempt of Courts Act of 1971, criminal contempt has been defined as the publication (whether by words, spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise) of any matter or the doing of any other act whatsoever which:

  1. Scandalises or tends to scandalise, or lowers or tends to lower the authority of, any court, or

  2. Prejudices, or interferes or tends to interfere with the due course of any judicial proceeding, or

  3. Interferes or tends to interfere with, or obstructs or tends to obstruct, the administration of justice in any other manner.

Right to Information Act -2005

Right to Information (RTI) Act provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of Information Act, 2002. Under the provisions of the Act, any citizen of India may request information from a “public authority” (a body of Government or “instrumentality of State”) which is required to reply expeditiously or within thirty days. The Act also requires every public authority to computerise their records for wide dissemination and to proactively certain categories of information so that the citizens need minimum recourse to request for information formally. This law was passed by Parliament on 15 June 2005 and came fully into force on 12 October 2005. Information disclosure in India was restricted by the Official Secrets Act 1923 and various other special laws, which the new RTI Act relaxes. It codifies a fundamental right of citizens.

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