Information Science (CBSE-NET (UGC) Library Science (Paper-II & Paper-III)): Questions 41 - 46 of 65

Get 1 year subscription: Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 830 questions. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 400.00 or

Passage

Read the passage given below, and answer the questions based on your understanding of the passage:

Information is a resource whose generation consumes time and money and whose use conserves time and money. The industrial environment in India is making a quantum jump in the field of technology absorption and innovation. New companies, both in the public and private sector, have been started in the past two years and most of the monopoly business is coming to an end. In other words, the industrial environment is becoming more and more competitive. Information is one of the major resources, which will help company win a competitive edge. Electronics industry is both an important and competitive industry. It has grown 514 % from 1970, with an average growth rate of 15 % per annum. It is hoped that by 1990 the computer industry would be a Rs. 665 crore sector. There are more than 100 companies in India now manufacturing computers. The survival in this industry by a company largely depends on its openness to adopt new technologies, introduce state-of-the art products, new marketing strategies etc. For this, the company needs information on the technology, environment and competition. The types of information generally sought by a company include economic information, legal information, information on personnel relations, public relations, technology trends, market trends etc.

Question number: 41 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information as Resource

MCQ▾

Question

The types of information usually sought by companies are

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Information on personnel relation

b.

Economic and legal information

c.

Information on technology and market trends

d.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question number: 42 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information as Resource

MCQ▾

Question

Electronics industry is both an important and competent industry as it

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Is growing at the rate of five hundred percent

b.

Is not growing at all

c.

Is growing at the rate of four hundred percent

d.

Is growing at the rate of fifteen percent

Question number: 43

» Information Science » Information in Socio-Economic Development

MCQ▾

Question

________ are engaged in activities such as translation, printing, publishing etc.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Information generators

b.

Information processors

c.

Information gatherers

d.

Information recorders

Passage

Directions: Answer questions below based on the given passage:

Invention is the creation of an idea that can be translated to practice. It is also the process of bringing new technology into being. Invention is goal directed, the process is orderly, and it is essentially an intellectual process. An inventor is generally not a big reservoir of existing knowledge or of past failures. A substantial part of a scientist’s time is spent in collecting facts. The greater a scientist’s familiarity with the great scientific works, the greater will be his own power of invention. Ingenuity is the younger brother of imagination. Theoretical creation is an intermediate step between invention and discovery. A scientist who is familiar with a number of methods attached to a problem, is most likely to solve the greatest number of problems.

Invention is the basic ingredient of innovation. Innovation is of two kinds, i. e. , in product and service. It is a slow process. Innovations which started several years ago may bear fruit now. Innovation involves the bringing of an invention into commercial use. In some cases, invention and innovation merge into one another. Invention and innovation have been the foundations of industrial development in most advanced countries. Innovation brings about competition and competition brings about efficiency. Of the total innovation process, research is only a part. Research may invent, but invention can only be utilized by the complicated and complex process of innovation. Innovation is more often the result of recognizing and adapting an idea than of invention a new one. Utilization of technical information including research outputs can result in an industrial innovation.

Innovators achieve success, but not imitations. In the past, innovation came from individual scientists. Individual inventors were responsible for innovation. In modern industry it is rarely the case; teams of scientists are really responsible for inventions and innovations. Success in invention and innovation depends not only on originality and imagination but also on knowing what and how to invent and innovate.

Question number: 44 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information Transfer Cycle » Generation

MCQ▾

Question

Industrial development and competitive environment are possible when

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Invention follows innovation.

b.

Invention has little practical use.

c.

Invention leads to innovation.

d.

Invention prevents innovation.

Question number: 45 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information Transfer Cycle » Generation

MCQ▾

Question

An invention involves

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Collection & application of past data.

b.

Simply an effort to explore past knowledge.

c.

Exploiting past knowledge and newly collected facts.

d.

Redefining knowledge of the past.

Question number: 46 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information Transfer Cycle » Generation

MCQ▾

Question

What is an invention?

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

A process bereft of use.

b.

A theoretical idea regardless of application.

c.

It is the idea that has the characteristics of application.

d.

A discovery that does not lead to new technology.

f Page
Sign In