CBSE-NET (UGC) Library Science (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 435 - 441 of 830

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Passage

Directions: Answer questions below based on the given passage:

Invention is the creation of an idea that can be translated to practice. It is also the process of bringing new technology into being. Invention is goal directed, the process is orderly, and it is essentially an intellectual process. An inventor is generally not a big reservoir of existing knowledge or of past failures. A substantial part of a scientist’s time is spent in collecting facts. The greater a scientist’s familiarity with the great scientific works, the greater will be his own power of invention. Ingenuity is the younger brother of imagination. Theoretical creation is an intermediate step between invention and discovery. A scientist who is familiar with a number of methods attached to a problem, is most likely to solve the greatest number of problems.

Invention is the basic ingredient of innovation. Innovation is of two kinds, i. e. , in product and service. It is a slow process. Innovations which started several years ago may bear fruit now. Innovation involves the bringing of an invention into commercial use. In some cases, invention and innovation merge into one another. Invention and innovation have been the foundations of industrial development in most advanced countries. Innovation brings about competition and competition brings about efficiency. Of the total innovation process, research is only a part. Research may invent, but invention can only be utilized by the complicated and complex process of innovation. Innovation is more often the result of recognizing and adapting an idea than of invention a new one. Utilization of technical information including research outputs can result in an industrial innovation.

Innovators achieve success, but not imitations. In the past, innovation came from individual scientists. Individual inventors were responsible for innovation. In modern industry it is rarely the case; teams of scientists are really responsible for inventions and innovations. Success in invention and innovation depends not only on originality and imagination but also on knowing what and how to invent and innovate.

Question number: 435 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information Transfer Cycle » Generation

MCQ▾

Question

Industrial development and competitive environment are possible when

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Invention follows innovation.

b.

Invention has little practical use.

c.

Invention leads to innovation.

d.

Invention prevents innovation.

Question number: 436

» Intellectual Property Right » Patent

MCQ▾

Question

A technical document containing descriptions of an invention & rating properly right to the inventor by Government is

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Digest

b.

Product

c.

Report

d.

Patent

Question number: 437

» Bibliographic Service » Trend Reports

MCQ▾

Question

‘Trend Reports’ generally focus on

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Latest developments

b.

General aspects

c.

Theoretical concepts

d.

Question does not provide sufficient data or is vague

Question number: 438

» Reference Sources » Geographical Sources

MCQ▾

Question

‘Current Geographical Publications’ is published by ________.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

American Geographical Society

b.

Bowker-Saur

c.

Royal Geographic Society, London

d.

British Library

Question number: 439

» National and International Systems » NICDAP

MCQ▾

Question

National information Centre for Drugs & Pharmaceuticals (NICDAP) is located at

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Chennai

b.

Lucknow

c.

Mumbai

d.

New Delhi

Question number: 440

» Reference Service » Reference and Information Service

MCQ▾

Question

Asian Recorder is a ________ publication.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Annual

b.

Monthly

c.

Bi-monthly

d.

Weekly

Passage

Answer the below questions based on the passage:

Stock verification implies the physical check-up of the articles on record. It is a common practice in big business houses and government departments to resort to annual stock-taking in order to assess the profit or loss. They try to find out as to what has been sold out and what has been left behind so that a proper quantity of a particular item may be procured for future sale. There is a practice to differentiate between stock and store articles. More importance is attached to stock articles since these are of permanent value and are likely to remain longer in use whereas the store articles are consumable. An analogous example can be cited by referring to two kinds of leaves i. e. earned and casual leaves allowed to employees. The former can be cumulated whereas the latter cannot be cumulated since it is consumable and lapsable. Naturally, more importance is attached to the former one. Every employee tries to avail of the casual leave first before he requests for earned leave. The similar distinction is made between stock and store or stationery articles. A typewriter is a stock article while a pencil is a store article since the latter is likely to be used up soon. So, little importance is attached to the store or stationery articles. The underlying idea behind this differentiation is the awareness of the sense of property, which is a gift of the capitalist economy.

Question number: 441 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Collection Development » Maintenance

True-False▾

Following Statement is true or false:

“Annual stock taking is usually done in order to assess profit and loss” Choose the correct answer to justify it:

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