CBSE-NET (UGC) Library Science (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 432 - 437 of 830
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Directions: Answer questions below based on the given passage:
Invention is the creation of an idea that can be translated to practice. It is also the process of bringing new technology into being. Invention is goal directed, the process is orderly, and it is essentially an intellectual process. An inventor is generally not a big reservoir of existing knowledge or of past failures. A substantial part of a scientist’s time is spent in collecting facts. The greater a scientist’s familiarity with the great scientific works, the greater will be his own power of invention. Ingenuity is the younger brother of imagination. Theoretical creation is an intermediate step between invention and discovery. A scientist who is familiar with a number of methods attached to a problem, is most likely to solve the greatest number of problems.
Invention is the basic ingredient of innovation. Innovation is of two kinds, i. e. , in product and service. It is a slow process. Innovations which started several years ago may bear fruit now. Innovation involves the bringing of an invention into commercial use. In some cases, invention and innovation merge into one another. Invention and innovation have been the foundations of industrial development in most advanced countries. Innovation brings about competition and competition brings about efficiency. Of the total innovation process, research is only a part. Research may invent, but invention can only be utilized by the complicated and complex process of innovation. Innovation is more often the result of recognizing and adapting an idea than of invention a new one. Utilization of technical information including research outputs can result in an industrial innovation.
Innovators achieve success, but not imitations. In the past, innovation came from individual scientists. Individual inventors were responsible for innovation. In modern industry it is rarely the case; teams of scientists are really responsible for inventions and innovations. Success in invention and innovation depends not only on originality and imagination but also on knowing what and how to invent and innovate.
Question number: 432 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Industrial development and competitive environment are possible when
Invention follows innovation.
Invention has little practical use.
Invention leads to innovation.
Invention prevents innovation.
Question number: 433 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
An invention involves
Collection & application of past data.
Simply an effort to explore past knowledge.
Exploiting past knowledge and newly collected facts.
Redefining knowledge of the past.
Question number: 434 (4 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 435 (5 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
What is an invention?
A process bereft of use.
A theoretical idea regardless of application.
It is the idea that has the characteristics of application.
A discovery that does not lead to new technology.