CBSE-NET (UGC) Library Science (Paper-II & Paper-III): Questions 425 - 431 of 830

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Question number: 425

» Reference Sources » Encyclopaedias

MCQ▾

Question

‘World Book Encyclopedia’ is an example of ________ encyclopedia.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Universal

b.

General

c.

Children

d.

Subject

Question number: 426

» Introduction to Library » Library Extension Service

MCQ▾

Question

Three distinct approaches for giving reference service are: a) conservative approach, b) liberal approach and c) ________ approach.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Modern

b.

General

c.

Optimistic

d.

Moderate

Question number: 427

» Types of Libraries » National Libraries

MCQ▾

Question

The earlier name of National Library, Calcutta was

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Central Public library

b.

National Public library

c.

The Imperial library

d.

Nation Imperial library

Question number: 428

» Types of Users » User Studies

MCQ▾

Question

User studies are conducted in order to know

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Financial requirements of the users

b.

Material requirements of the users

c.

Information requirements of the users

d.

None of the above

Question number: 429

» Reference Sources » Geographical Sources

MCQ▾

Question

________ maps trace details of geological, soil, forest and other basic information for historical, economic, political or other types of development.

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Physical

b.

Topographic

c.

Route

d.

Political

Question number: 430

» Networking » Concepts

MCQ▾

Question

Providing links in a document to other document/sources is known as

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

Multimedia

b.

Hypertext

c.

Hypermedia

d.

Hyperlink

Passage

Directions: Answer questions below based on the given passage:

Invention is the creation of an idea that can be translated to practice. It is also the process of bringing new technology into being. Invention is goal directed, the process is orderly, and it is essentially an intellectual process. An inventor is generally not a big reservoir of existing knowledge or of past failures. A substantial part of a scientist’s time is spent in collecting facts. The greater a scientist’s familiarity with the great scientific works, the greater will be his own power of invention. Ingenuity is the younger brother of imagination. Theoretical creation is an intermediate step between invention and discovery. A scientist who is familiar with a number of methods attached to a problem, is most likely to solve the greatest number of problems.

Invention is the basic ingredient of innovation. Innovation is of two kinds, i. e. , in product and service. It is a slow process. Innovations which started several years ago may bear fruit now. Innovation involves the bringing of an invention into commercial use. In some cases, invention and innovation merge into one another. Invention and innovation have been the foundations of industrial development in most advanced countries. Innovation brings about competition and competition brings about efficiency. Of the total innovation process, research is only a part. Research may invent, but invention can only be utilized by the complicated and complex process of innovation. Innovation is more often the result of recognizing and adapting an idea than of invention a new one. Utilization of technical information including research outputs can result in an industrial innovation.

Innovators achieve success, but not imitations. In the past, innovation came from individual scientists. Individual inventors were responsible for innovation. In modern industry it is rarely the case; teams of scientists are really responsible for inventions and innovations. Success in invention and innovation depends not only on originality and imagination but also on knowing what and how to invent and innovate.

Question number: 431 (1 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Information Science » Information Transfer Cycle » Generation

MCQ▾

Question

Invention is carried out at present

Choices

Choice (4) Response

a.

By a group of researchers with adequate originality and imagination.

b.

By an individual researcher with little originality and imagination. .

c.

By industrialists to achieve success in business.

d.

By an individual researcher with high-level imagination.

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