NTSE Stage-2 (National-Level) Scholastic-Aptitude & Language Comprehension: Questions 105 - 110 of 828
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In case of zamindari system, the landlord was considered as the ultimate owner of the land. He was responsible for the payment of land revenue to the government, which had been settled once for all under the Permanent Settlement System. The zamindari system manifested absentee landlordism at its worst and was largely responsible for the continuously deteriorating conditions of tenant farmers. The landlords became merely rent-receivers and did nothing for increasing the productivity of land held by their tenants. The pressure of population led to a gradual extension of cultivation and a greater demand for land. As a result, a large army of intermediaries between the state and the actual tiller cropped up. This also made it possible for the landlords to extort high rents from tenants. All that it amounted to was the exploitation and moral degradation of the tiller.
Immediately after independence, a strong voice was raised against these vested interests in land. As a result, more importance was given to the abolition of the zamindari system. Accordingly, every state enacted its own legislation for the abolition of intermediary interests. By 1952, the necessary legislation had been enacted in all the states.
Question number: 105 (2 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Question number: 106 (3 of 5 Based on Passage) Show Passage
Under the system, the landlords-
abandoned cultivation in order to escape the payment of land revenue to the government
became rent-receivers who did not pay the land revenue
extorted high rents and did not contribute to increased productivity
merely looked on the idleness of the tenants