NTSE Stage-2 (National-Level) Scholastic-Aptitude & Language Comprehension: Questions 90 - 94 of 816

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Passage

In case of zamindari system, the landlord was considered as the ultimate owner of the land. He was responsible for the payment of land revenue to the government, which had been settled once for all under the Permanent Settlement System. The zamindari system manifested absentee landlordism at its worst and was largely responsible for the continuously deteriorating conditions of tenant farmers. The landlords became merely rent-receivers and did nothing for increasing the productivity of land held by their tenants. The pressure of population led to a gradual extension of cultivation and a greater demand for land. As a result, a large army of intermediaries between the state and the actual tiller cropped up. This also made it possible for the landlords to extort high rents from tenants. All that it amounted to was the exploitation and moral degradation of the tiller.

Immediately after independence, a strong voice was raised against these vested interests in land. As a result, more importance was given to the abolition of the zamindari system. Accordingly, every state enacted its own legislation for the abolition of intermediary interests. By 1952, the necessary legislation had been enacted in all the states.

Question 90 (1 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Question

MCQ▾

Under the system, the landlords-

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

merely looked on the idleness of the tenants

b.

abandoned cultivation in order to escape the payment of land revenue to the government

c.

became rent-receivers who did not pay the land revenue

d.

extorted high rents and did not contribute to increased productivity

Question 91 (2 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Question

MCQ▾

The zamindari system was responsible for-

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

the prosperity of the tenant-class

b.

keeping the zamindars in urban places

c.

deteriorating conditions of tenant farmers

d.

increase in the productivity of land

Question 92 (3 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Question

MCQ▾

The abolition of the zamindari system was aimed at-

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

distribution of land to the landless

b.

supporting the vested interests in land

c.

increased productivity

d.

abolition of intermediaries

Question 93 (4 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Question

MCQ▾

Under the zamindari system, the zamindar-

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

was not responsible in any way to the government

b.

was the landlord of the land

c.

used all the income for himself

d.

lived on the land he owned

Question 94 (5 of 5 Based on Passage)

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Question

MCQ▾

There was a demand for the abolition of the zamindari system because-

Choices

Choice (4)Response

a.

the tenants wanted to own the land tilled by them

b.

the tenants were economically backward

c.

the new government supported landless labour

d.

an army of intermediaries arose, who exploited the tillers