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Disorders of Adrenal cortex

  • Addison’s disease is caused by deficiency of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids due to slow destruction of adrenal cortex. This may be caused by autoimmune disorder, tuberculosis or carcinoma.

    • There is low blood sugar.

    • Low plasma Na+ and Cl- ions leading to decreased ECF volume.

    • Increased urinary excretion of Na+ and Cl- ions.

    • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and a bronze like pigmentation of skin.

  • Cushing syndrome (syndrome is a group of sign and symptoms that occur together) it is caused by excess of cortisol which may be due to a tumour of the adrenal cortex or anterior pituitary.… (176 more words) …

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Hormones of pancreas

Origin; it is derived from the endoderm of the embryo.

Location; it lies inferior to the stomach in a bend of the duodenum. It is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland.

Structure; the exocrine part consists of acinar cells and a large pancreatic duct runs through the gland, carrying enzymes and other exocrine digestive secretions from the acinar cells to the small intestine. Details in digestive system

Endocrinal functions are served by Islets of Langerhans (named after Paul Langerhans who discovered them at the age of 22 yrs in 1869). There are about 1 to 2 million… (1013 more words) …

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