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Disorders of Adrenal cortex

  • Addison’s disease is caused by deficiency of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids due to slow destruction of adrenal cortex. This may be caused by autoimmune disorder, tuberculosis or carcinoma.

    • There is low blood sugar.

    • Low plasma Na+ and Cl- ions leading to decreased ECF volume.

    • Increased urinary excretion of Na+ and Cl- ions.

    • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and a bronze like pigmentation of skin.

  • Cushing syndrome (syndrome is

… (206 more words) …

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Hormones of pancreas

Origin; it is derived from the endoderm of the embryo.

Location; it lies inferior to the stomach in a bend of the duodenum. It is both an exocrine and an endocrine gland.

Structure; the exocrine part consists of acinar cells and a large pancreatic duct runs through the gland, carrying enzymes and other exocrine digestive secretions from the acinar cells to the small intestine. Details in digestive system

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