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Disorders of Parathyroid gland

  • Hypoparathyroidism (deficiency of parathormone) causes lowering of blood glucose level. This increases the excitability of nerves and muscles). Sustained contractions (tetany) of muscles of larynx, face, hands and feet are produced. This disease is called parathyroid tetany.
Image showinh the Hypoparathyroidism

Image Showinh the Hypoparathyroidism

Image of Hypoparathyroidism

  • Hyperparathyroidism (excess of parathormone) because of its osteoclstic activity it causes break down (osteoporosis) of bones and bones become soft. An excess of

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Human Endocrine System & Hypothalamus

It includes the following endocrinal glands:

  1. Hypothalamus

  2. Pituitary

  3. Thyroid

  4. Parathyroid

  5. Adrenal or Suprarenal

  6. Pineal

  7. Thymus

  8. Pancreas

  9. Kidneys

  10. Gonads

  11. gastro-intestinal mucosa

  12. placenta

Image showing the various endocrine glands

Image Showing the Various Endocrine Glands

Image of the various endocrine glands

Hypothalamus

Origin; it develops from the ectoderm of embryo. Hypothalamus is related to both anterior and posterior lobes of pituitary.

Functions of hypothalamus:

  1. Controls the actions of pituitary gland. It exerts its influence on

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