NEET (NTA)-National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Medical) Biology Human Physiology-Digestion and Absorption Revision (Page 11 of 23)

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Digestive Glands - Pancreas and Pancreatic Juice

Pancreas is soft, lobulated, grayish pink gland present posterior to the stomach in the abdominal cavity. It weighs about 60gms and is about 2.5 cm wide and 12 to 15 cm long. Ithas three parts head, body and tail. The head lies in the curve of the duodenum, body behind the stomach and tail reaches the spleen lying in front of the left kidney. Pancreas has got two types of functions the endocrinal and exocrinal functions.

Endocrine part; is formed by islets of Langerhans, the beta ce

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Digestive Glands - Liver and gall bladder

  • It is the largest gland of body which is reddish brown in colour. It is located in upper and right side of abdominal cavity just below the diaphragm. It males it weighs about 1.4 to 1.8 kg and in females about 1.2 to 1.4 kg. It is divided into two main lobes right and left separated by falciform ligament. The ligament is continuous with the peritoneum. The right lobe of liver is differentiated into right lobe proper, a quadrate lobe and a caudate lobe. The secretions of liver are drai

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