NEET (NTA)-National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Medical) Biology Diversity in Living World-What Is Living? Revision (Page 5 of 7)

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History of Taxonomy – Part 1

(1) Aristotle (382 B. C. ) : Father of biology & father of zoology. He classified plants on the basis of morphological characters in three groups

  • Trees

  • Shrubs

  • Herbs.

Image showing Aristotle’s system.

Image Showing Aristotle’S System.

Aristotle subdivided plants into three groups; herbs, shrubs and trees depending on the size and structure of a plant.

(2) Theophrastus

(A) Time - 370 - 285 B. C.

(B) He is known as father of ancient plant taxonomy and father of botany or the Father of taxonomy.

(C) B

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Knowing the Types of Taxonomy

Image showing types of taxonomy.

Image Showing Types of Taxonomy.

There are mainly six types of taxonomy occurding to their charaters.

  • Alpha taxonomy or classical taxonomy: It is based on external morphology, origin and evolution characters of plants.

  • Beta taxonomy or Explorative taxonomy: Besides external morphology, it also includes internal characters like embryological, cytological, anatomical characters etc.

  • Omega taxonomy or Encyclopedic taxonomy: Omega taxonomy has widest scope. It is based on all the

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