NEET (NTA)-National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Medical) Biology Diversity in Living World-Five Kingdom Classification Revision (Page 6 of 46)

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Useful Activities of Bacteria

1. Ammonification - Ammonifying bacteria -

Some bacteria convert Protein (present in decaying plants & animals) into Ammonia. e. g. , Bacillus vulgaris, Bacillus mycoides, Bacillus ramosus

2. Nitrification - Nitrifying bacteria -

These bacteria convert Ammonia in to Nitrite and later into Nitrate.

NH3 Nitrosomonas →NO2 (Nitrite) Nitrobacter NO3 (Nitrite)

3. Nitrogen fixation - Nitrogen fixing bacteria -

These bacteria convert the atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compounds lik

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Actinomycetes - Filamentous Bacteria

  • They were previously included in Fungi and were known as Ray fungi, because structurally they are similar to fungi.
  • The body of fungi is known as mycelium and the structure of actinomycetes is also similar to mycelium. Therefore they were included in fungi. But fungi are eukaryotic while actinomycetes are prokaryotic. So these are now placed in kingdom Monera.
  • Now their new name is Mycobacteria, Mycelial bacteria or Filamentous bacteria.
  • Filamentous bacteria are found more in soil.

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