# Probability (ISS (Statistical Services) Statistics Paper I (Old Subjective Pattern)): Questions 20 - 26 of 72

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## Question number: 20

» Probability » Standard Probability Distributions » Geometric

Appeared in Year: 2010

### Describe in Detail

Let X have a geometric distribution, then for an two non-negative integers m and n,

Prove it

### Explanation

This proof is a lack of memory property. We known that

Therefore ………… (1)

The equation is

Using equation (1)

Since the equation is true. Therefore,

… (184 more words) …

## Question number: 21

» Probability » Standard Probability Distributions » Cauchy

Appeared in Year: 2011

### Describe in Detail

Obtain the median and the quartiles of the Cauchy distribution with p. d. f.

### Explanation

For find the median and quartile of the Cauchy distribution, q is any quartile. Then, for which value of q, the x value is

For first quartile q = 1/4, then x=-1

For median q = 1/2, then x = 0

For third quartile q = 3/4, then x = 1

… (95 more words) …

## Question number: 22

» Probability » Characteristic Function

Appeared in Year: 2015

### Describe in Detail

Obtain the characteristic function of X whose pdf is

### Explanation

The characteristic function of X is

Let assume x-µ = v, then dx = dv

Assume that , then dv = λ du

First find the value of this integral, this solution adopts the method of contour integration.

Let assume t > 0,

… (218 more words) …

## Question number: 23

» Probability » Expectation

Appeared in Year: 2013

### Describe in Detail

Let X be a continuous random variable and have F (x) as the distribution function. If E [X] exists, then show that:

### Explanation

We known that in continuous random variable, the mean is

We know that F (x) =1-S (x) and f (x) =dF (x) /dx

dF (x) =-dS (x)

Hence it’s proofed.

… (158 more words) …

## Question number: 24

» Probability » Expectation

Appeared in Year: 2012

### Describe in Detail

Let X _{1}, X _{2}, ···, X _{n} be random variables such that

Also

Find

### Explanation

To find the mean and variance, we use the conditional expectation and conditional variance

By the given definition of conditional expectation

.

.

.

The variance is

… (182 more words) …

## Question number: 25

» Probability » Standard Probability Distributions » Normal

Appeared in Year: 2011

### Describe in Detail

Let X _{1}, X _{2}, …, X _{n} be independent N (0, σ ^{2}) random variables. Obtain the mean and variance of . What is its probability distribution?

### Explanation

Let X ~ N (0, σ ^{2}). The density function is

First we find the distribution of Y = X ^{2}

Let

The limit is also change

Differentiate with respect to y,

So

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## Question number: 26

» Probability » Characteristic Function

Appeared in Year: 2013

### Describe in Detail

Find the density function of X whose characteristic function Φ (t) is given by:

### Explanation

Rewrite the characteristic function Φ (t)

The density function of X is given by Fourier inversion theorem using the characteristic function,

The general form is

Putting the characteristic function

… (159 more words) …