ISS (Statistical Services) General Studies: Questions 51 - 59 of 157

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Question number: 51

» Indian Polity and Governance

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss how the Election Commission Of India ensures smooth conduct of Elections.

Explanation

  • The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha and state Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country. The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) is appointed by

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Question number: 52

» General Science

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Elucidate the significance and legal sanctity of DNA test/matching in determining the heredity.

Explanation

  • The significance and legal sanctity of DNA test/matching in determining the heredity:

  • Deoxyribonucleic acid (made up of nucleotides), a self-replicating material, which is present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information.

  • Most genetic ancestry tests involve the analy

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Question number: 53

» Indian Polity and Governance

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Should MPLAD be abolished? Critically examine.

Explanation

  • MPLADS is a centrally sponsored scheme fully funded by the government. In 1993, the then Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao announced the “Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme” or MPLADS.

  • This scheme was initiated to enable and empower MPs to develop their constituencies based on perceived local needs.

  • MPs are given a choice

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Question number: 54

» Economic and Social Development

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

The Petroleum refineries in India are not necessarily located in the areas of production of crude oil. Discuss.

Explanation

  • The Petroleum refineries in India are not necessarily located in the areas of production of crude oils in India because of the following positive implications:
Image Of The Petroleum refineries in India

Image of the Petroleum Refineries in India

Image Of The Petroleum refineries in India

  • Industrialization: Refining process generates many useful byproducts having applications in ch

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Question number: 55

» Economic and Social Development

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Despite a poor public healthcare system in the country, India could achieve the distinction of a polio-free country. Discuss.

Explanation

  • After fighting for almost twenty years, the GOI with the support of the World Bank, UNICEF, who, Rotary International, civil society organizations, and millions of volunteers, finally declared India as a polio-free nation.

  • The logistics of delivering and administering the vaccine across a vast, varied terrain with poor health services were

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Question number: 56

» Indian Polity and Governance

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss briefly the collegium system for the appointment of The Higher Judiciary.

Explanation

  • The Collegium system is one where the Chief Justice of India and a forum of four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court recommend appointments and transfers of judges. However, it has no place in the Indian Constitution.

    The system was evolved through Supreme Court judgments in the – Three judges cases (October 28,1988).

  • The First Case o

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Question number: 57

» Indian Polity and Governance

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the significance of the Fundamental Duty added with the 86th Amendment to the Indian Constitution.

Explanation

  • The Fundamental Duties were ten in number but with the 86th Amendment increased to 11.

  • The 86th Amendment added a duty on every parent or guardian to ensure that their child or ward was provided opportunities for education between the ages of six and fourteen years.

Or

  • In other words we can say that The Constitution 86th Amendment Act

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Question number: 58

» History of India and Indian National Movement

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Discuss the reasons for the decline of the Indus Valley Civilisation in the beginning of the 2nd Millennium BC.

Explanation

  • Though the exact reason of the decline of the Indus Valley Civilisation is not known still on the basis of excavations and facts the following reasons were proposed:
Image Of The Mortimer Wheelers Theory

Image of the Mortimer Wheelers Theory

Image Of The Mortimer Wheelers Theory

  • Mortimer Wheeler’s Theory: Sir Mortimer Wheeler (British Archaeologist) proposed The Aryan Invasion

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Question number: 59

» Environmental Ecology, Bio-Diversity & Climate Change

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Appeared in Year: 2014

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

How do El Nino La Nina affect the climate in different parts of the world?

Explanation

  • El Nino Vs La Nina (Global Climate Impact)

Table Of The El Nino & La Nina

Table Of The El Nino & La Nina

El Nino

La Nina

1. It tends to suppress the development of tropical storms and hurricanes in the Atlantic, but increase the number of tropical storms over the eastern and central Pacific Ocean.

1. The cooling of the equatorial Pacific tends to favor hurricane formation in the Western Atlantic.

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