ISS (Statistical Services) English: Questions 237 - 244 of 260

Access detailed explanations (illustrated with images and videos) to 260 questions. Access all new questions we will add tracking exam-pattern and syllabus changes. Unlimited Access for Unlimited Time! View Sample Explanation or View Features.

Rs. 400.00 or

How to register?

Question number: 237

» Grammar

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2009

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Write one word for each of the following expressions:

Scientific study of birds

Question number: 238

» Paragraph Writing

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2017

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a paragraph in about 200 words on the following expressions/statements:

One swallow does not make a summer

Explanation

  • A swallow is a bird that is seen during summer. This phrase implies that if you see a single swallow it does not mean that summer has arrived. The above phrase is based on a story where a young man sees a swallow bird in a warm winter morning. Seeing that bird he feels that winter season has got over and spring has arrived. Thinking that winter sea

… (148 more words) …

Question number: 239

» Grammar

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2009

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Use each of the following phrases/expressions in a sentence of your own, such that the meaning of the phrase/expression is clearly brought out:

A silver lining

Question number: 240

» Grammar

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2017

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Use the following idioms and phrasal verbs in sentences so as to bring out their meaning clearly.

Square pegs in round holes – (A misfit, especially a person unsuited for a position or activity)

Question number: 241

» Paragraph Writing

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2017

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a paragraph in about 200 words on the following expressions/statements:

Discretion is the better part of valour

Explanation

  • Valour is an act of courage one shows when confronted by danger and discretion is an ability a person has to distinguish between what is favourable and non favourable situation. It is always considered that courage to face any kind of situation is commendable or praise worthy. But we should figure out if it is worth taking that risk at that given p

… (150 more words) …

Question number: 242

» Grammar

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2009

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Correct the following sentence

The Childs have been ill from three months.

Question number: 243

» Grammar

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2009

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Distinguish between the following pairs of words by using each word in a Sentence such that its meaning is clearly brought out:

Casual, Causal

Question number: 244

» Precis Writing

Edit

Appeared in Year: 2010

Essay Question▾

Describe in Detail

Write a précis of the following passage in about one-third of the original length using your own words as far as possible. Please state the number of words used in your précis and suggest a suitable title. (Note: the précis must be written only on the special sheet provided for this purpose - one word in each block - and the sheet should be fastened securely inside the answer book:

“No matter how eloquently a dog may bark- he cannot tell you that his parents were poor but honest, ” said Bertrand Russell once. What the famous philosopher asserted in effect is that language is the exclusive property of the human species. The idea of talking animals is as old and as widespread among human societies as language itself. All cultures have legends in which some animal plays a speaking role. All over West Africa, children listen to folk tales in which a “spider-man” is the hero. “Coyote” is a favourite figure in many Native American tales, and many an animal takes the stage in Aesop’s famous fables. The fictional Doctor Doolittle’s forte was communicating with all manner of animals, from giant snails to tiny sparrows.

If language is viewed only as a system of communication, then many species communicate. Humans also use systems other than language to relate to each other and to send and receive “messages, ” like so-called “body language. ” The question is whether the communication systems used by other species are at all like human linguistic knowledge, which is acquired by children with no external instruction, and which is used creatively rather than in response to internal or external stimuli.

Most humans who acquire language use speech sounds to express meanings, but such sounds are not a necessary aspect of language, as evidenced by the sign languages. The use of speech sounds is therefore not a basic part of what we have been calling language. The chirping of birds, the squeaking of dolphins and the dancing of bees may potentially represent systems similar to human languages. If animal communication systems are not like human language, it will not be due to a lack of speech.

Conversely, when animals vocally imitate human utterances, it does not mean they possess language. Language is a system that relates sounds or gestures to meanings. Talking birds such as parrots and mynah birds are capable of faithfully reproducing words and phrases of human language that they have heard, but their utterances carry no meaning. They are speaking neither English nor their own language when they sound like us.

Talking birds do not dissect the sounds of their imitations into discrete units. Polly and Molly do not rhyme for a parrot. They are as different as hello and goodbye. One property of all human languages is the discreteness of the speech or gestural units, which are ordered and reordered, combined and split apart. Generally, a parrot says what it is taught, or what it hears, and no more. If Polly learns “Polly wants a cracker” and “Polly wants a chocolate” and also learns to imitate the single words “cake” and “bun, ” she will not spontaneously produce, as children do, Polly wants a cake” or Polly wants a bun, ” or “Polly wants a cake and a bun. ” If she learns cat and cats, and dog and dogs, and then learns the word parrot, she will be unable to form the plural parrots as children do by the age of three; nor can a parrot form an unlimited set of utterances from a finite set of units, . nor understand utterances never heard - before. Therefore, the ability to produce sounds -similar to those used in human language, even if meanings are related to these sounds, cannot be equated with the ability to acquire the complex grammar of a human language. (563 words)

Explanation

Human and their dominance in communication:

Ability to speak is an exclusive quality which only human species have. There are many fictional characters that we have seen, can talk as the human being but that is just in stories. If language is viewed as a system of communication, all living things communicate. But it can’t be compared to the linguist

… (140 more words) …

Developed by: