IFS (Forests Services) English (Mains): Questions 66 - 74 of 466

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Question number: 66

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2011

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Rewrite the following sentences as directed: (2 Mark)

Rita met Mohan at the railway station. (Change the sentence into a wh-question)

Passage

Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

In the 1970s, Chipko activists in Tehri Garbwal used to sing a song, praising their hills as paradise, the place of Gods, where the mountains bloom with rare plants and dense cedars. Chipko began as a movement to save the indigenous forest of oak and rhododendron from being felled by the Forest Department. It soon became a wider assertion of local rights to the environment, protesting against inappropriate policies imposed on the hills by a distant plains-based State Government. That sense of alienation and exploitation grew into a broad-based campaign for regional autonomy. The state of Uttarakhand was formed in 2000, and many hoped that the region would finally chart a path of development that was in harmony with its unique ecology and culture.

The recent catastrophic rain, landslides and floods, and the consequent human tragedy, makes us look more closely and critically at Uttarakhand’s development narrative. The story that is told- the state can produce wealth and welfare by using natural resource to the fullest- grossly misunderstands the nature of Himalaya ecology. First, the Himalayas are known to be geologically active. Earthquakes and glacial lake outbursts are natural hazard that accompany these processes. But the destructive power of these events has been eclipsed by man-made hazards that exponentially increase the instability of the Himalayan landscape. Cutting mountains for building roads often trigger landslides. Blasting tunnels through the mountains for river projects destabilizes an already fragile geology. The pressure of water in dam reservoirs induces tectonic shifts, multiplying the risk of earthquakes. Second, like the mountains, Himalayan Rivers are dynamic entities. Blocking and diverting their path with dams and tunnels, dumping lakhs of truckloads of debris from construction sites and from landslides, and building close to the river channel, has disastrous consequences. The cloudburst that precipitated the recent disaster was a natural event, but the toll taken by the floods and landslides was made much worse by Uttarakhand’s development strategy. It has become clear that our understanding of nature is poor, our ability to control and manipulate it poorer still. Nonetheless, we chose to forge ahead with building more concrete infrastructure because, in the short term, that’s where the money lies. This is a warning to us that development has to incorporate the precautionary principle, anticipating potential harm and acting prudently to prevent it. This means a conservative approach to construction in the hills.

Answer the following question on the basis of the above passage: (40 Mark)

Question number: 67 (1 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2011

Short Answer Question▾

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How has man contributed to the instability of Himalayan landscape?

Question number: 68 (2 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2011

Short Answer Question▾

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What should be the planning of development of such regions?

Question number: 69 (3 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2011

Short Answer Question▾

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Why is the Himalayan region thought to be geologically and ecologically fragile?

Question number: 70 (4 of 4 Based on Passage) Show Passage

» Reading Comprehension

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Appeared in Year: 2011

Short Answer Question▾

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What was the objective of the people of Uttarakhand in agitating for a state of their own?

Question number: 71

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2011

One Liner Question▾

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Write ten sentences using each of the following words (1 Mark)

Eminent

Question number: 72

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2011

One Liner Question▾

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Fill in the blanks with appropriate words (1 Mark)

Rakesh’s English is excellent. He speaks English.

Question number: 73

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2011

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Write down the nouns of the following words: (1 Mark)

Judge

Question number: 74

» Grammar

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Appeared in Year: 2011

One Liner Question▾

Write in Brief

Rewrite the following sentences after correcting all grammatical errors: (1 Mark)

Sachin is a batsman par excellence, isn’t it?